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Katy Perry's Sweet Treatsin June She told Billboard, "I know exactly the record I want to make next. I know the artwork, the coloring and the tone" and "I even know what type of tour I'm doing next.
I'll be very pleased if the vision I have in my head becomes a reality. She commented "I felt very prismatic", which inspired the album's name.
The song was released on August 12, The viewership was higher than the game itself, which was viewed by an audience of Daisy Bell to accompany the exhibition. Ferras was the first artist to get signed to her label, and Perry served as an executive producer on his self-titled EP. A Second Cominga documentary following her ex-husband Russell Brand's transition from comedy work to activism,  and released a concert film titled Katy Perry: The Prismatic World Tour through Epixwhich took place during her tour of the same name.
The People's Designerwhich followed the life and career of designer Jeremy Scott. Witness and American Idol Perry posing for photos with fans in Sydney in June Perry has been in an on-off relationship with English actor Orlando Bloom since the beginning of Perry chose to release it as a standalone track rather than save it for her album "because now more than ever, there is a need for our world to unite". NBC also felt its message spoke "directly to the spirit of the Olympics and its athletes" for its inspirational themes.
Witness World Wideconcluding with a live concert on June The Tourwhich began in September and ended in August During the early stages of her career, Perry's musical style gravitated towards gospel and she aspired to be as successful as Amy Grant. All of the melody choices that I make are because of Pet Sounds. Perry stated, "Jagged Little Pill was the most perfect female record ever made. There's a song for anyone on that record; I relate to all those songs. They're still so timeless.
Part of Me was largely influenced by Madonna: She admires Madonna's ability to reinvent herself, saying "I want to evolve like Madonna",  and has credited Madonna for inspiring her to make Prism "darker" than her previous material. I'll be like 'Did I just get lucky, or did I mass-manipulate the world into thinking that seven songs were worth a number-one position? Her subsequent releases, One of the Boys and Teenage Dream, involve themes of sex and love.
One of the Boys is a pop rock record, while Teenage Dream features disco influences. Lyrically, the album addresses relationships, self-reflection, and everyday life. She told Marie Claire: I think you become more relatable when you're vulnerable. Betty Clarke of The Guardian commented that her "powerful voice is hard-edged"  while Rob Sheffield from Rolling Stone described Perry's vocals on Teenage Dream as "processed staccato blips".
Lee seems to examine Jem's sense of loss about how his neighbors have disappointed him more than Scout's. Jem says to their neighbor Miss Maudie the day after the trial, "It's like bein' a caterpillar wrapped in a cocoon I always thought Maycomb folks were the best folks in the world, least that's what they seemed like". Just as the novel is an illustration of the changes Jem faces, it is also an exploration of the realities Scout must face as an atypical girl on the verge of womanhood.
As one scholar writes, "To Kill a Mockingbird can be read as a feminist Bildungsroman, for Scout emerges from her childhood experiences with a clear sense of her place in her community and an awareness of her potential power as the woman she will one day be. Threatening Boundaries,  Despite the novel's immense popularity upon publication, it has not received the close critical attention paid to other modern American classics.
Don Noble, editor of a book of essays about the novel, estimates that the ratio of sales to analytical essays may be a million to one. Christopher Metress writes that the book is "an icon whose emotive sway remains strangely powerful because it also remains unexamined".
However, she gave some insight into her themes when, in a rare letter to the editor, she wrote in response to the passionate reaction her book caused: Reviewers were generally charmed by Scout and Jem's observations of their quirky neighbors.
One writer was so impressed by Lee's detailed explanations of the people of Maycomb that he categorized the book as Southern romantic regionalism. Scout's Aunt Alexandra attributes Maycomb's inhabitants' faults and advantages to genealogy families that have gambling streaks and drinking streaks and the narrator sets the action and characters amid a finely detailed background of the Finch family history and the history of Maycomb.
This regionalist theme is further reflected in Mayella Ewell's apparent powerlessness to admit her advances toward Tom Robinson, and Scout's definition of "fine folks" being people with good sense who do the best they can with what they have. The South itself, with its traditions and taboos, seems to drive the plot more than the characters.
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Rosa Parks ' refusal to yield her seat on a city bus to a white person, which sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycottand the riots at the University of Alabama after Autherine Lucy and Polly Myers were admitted Myers eventually withdrew her application and Lucy was expelled, but reinstated in Inevitably, despite its mids setting, the story told from the perspective of the s voices the conflicts, tensions, and fears induced by this transition.
Chura notes the icon of the black rapist causing harm to the representation of the "mythologized vulnerable and sacred Southern womanhood". Tom Robinson's trial was juried by poor white farmers who convicted him despite overwhelming evidence of his innocence, as more educated and moderate white townspeople supported the jury's decision.
Furthermore, the victim of racial injustice in To Kill a Mockingbird was physically impaired, which made him unable to commit the act he was accused of, but also crippled him in other ways.
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The theme of racial injustice appears symbolically in the novel as well. For example, Atticus must shoot a rabid dog, even though it is not his job to do so. He is also alone when he faces a group intending to lynch Tom Robinson and once more in the courthouse during Tom's trial.
Lee even uses dreamlike imagery from the mad dog incident to describe some of the courtroom scenes. Jones writes, "[t]he real mad dog in Maycomb is the racism that denies the humanity of Tom Robinson When Atticus makes his summation to the jury, he literally bares himself to the jury's and the town's anger. I mean different kinds of black people and white people both, from poor white trash to the upper crust—the whole social fabric. When Scout embarrasses her poorer classmate, Walter Cunningham, at the Finch home one day, Calpurnia, their black cook, chastises and punishes her for doing so.
Lee demonstrates how issues of gender and class intensify prejudice, silence the voices that might challenge the existing order, and greatly complicate many Americans' conception of the causes of racism and segregation. Sharing Scout and Jem's perspective, the reader is allowed to engage in relationships with the conservative antebellum Mrs.
Dubose; the lower-class Ewells, and the Cunninghams who are equally poor but behave in vastly different ways; the wealthy but ostracized Mr.
Dolphus Raymond; and Calpurnia and other members of the black community. The children internalize Atticus' admonition not to judge someone until they have walked around in that person's skin, gaining a greater understanding of people's motives and behavior. Atticus is the moral center of the novel, however, and he teaches Jem one of the most significant lessons of courage.
Dubose, who is determined to break herself of a morphine addiction, Atticus tells Jem that courage is "when you're licked before you begin but you begin anyway and you see it through no matter what". Shieldswho wrote the first book-length biography of Harper Lee, offers the reason for the novel's enduring popularity and impact is that "its lessons of human dignity and respect for others remain fundamental and universal".
When Mayella reacts with confusion to Atticus' question if she has any friends, Scout offers that she must be lonelier than Boo Radley. Having walked Boo home after he saves their lives, Scout stands on the Radley porch and considers the events of the previous three years from Boo's perspective. One writer remarks, " Scout's primary identification with her father and older brother allows her to describe the variety and depth of female characters in the novel both as one of them and as an outsider.
Mayella Ewell also has an influence; Scout watches her destroy an innocent man in order to hide her desire for him.
The female characters who comment the most on Scout's lack of willingness to adhere to a more feminine role are also those who promote the most racist and classist points of view.
Dubose chastises Scout for not wearing a dress and camisoleand indicates she is ruining the family name by not doing so, in addition to insulting Atticus' intentions to defend Tom Robinson. Scout and Jem's mother died before Scout could remember her, Mayella's mother is dead, and Mrs. Radley is silent about Boo's confinement to the house. Apart from Atticus, the fathers described are abusers. Radley imprisons his son in his house to the extent that Boo is remembered only as a phantom.
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Radley represent a form of masculinity that Atticus does not, and the novel suggests that such men, as well as the traditionally feminine hypocrites at the Missionary Society, can lead society astray. Atticus stands apart as a unique model of masculinity; as one scholar explains: Claudia Durst Johnson writes that "a greater volume of critical readings has been amassed by two legal scholars in law journals than by all the literary scholars in literary journals".
Many social codes are broken by people in symbolic courtrooms: Dolphus Raymond has been exiled by society for taking a black woman as his common-law wife and having interracial children; Mayella Ewell is beaten by her father in punishment for kissing Tom Robinson; by being turned into a non-person, Boo Radley receives a punishment far greater than any court could have given him. For example, she refuses to wear frilly clothes, saying that Aunt Alexandra's "fanatical" attempts to place her in them made her feel "a pink cotton penitentiary closing in on [her]".
Their family name Finch is also Lee's mother's maiden name. The titular mockingbird is a key motif of this theme, which first appears when Atticus, having given his children air-rifles for Christmas, allows their Uncle Jack to teach them to shoot.
Atticus warns them that, although they can "shoot all the bluejays they want", they must remember that "it's a sin to kill a mockingbird". She points out that mockingbirds simply provide pleasure with their songs, saying, "They don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. However, scholar Christopher Metress connects the mockingbird to Boo Radley: Atticus, he was real nice," to which he responds, "Most people are, Scout, when you finally see them.
Dave claims that because every character has to face, or even suffer defeat, the book takes on elements of a classical tragedy.
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She guides the reader in such judgments, alternating between unabashed adoration and biting irony. Scout's experience with the Missionary Society is an ironic juxtaposition of women who mock her, gossip, and "reflect a smug, colonialist attitude toward other races" while giving the "appearance of gentility, piety, and morality".Let's talk about courtship...
The New Yorker declared Lee "a skilled, unpretentious, and totally ingenuous writer",  and The Atlantic Monthly 's reviewer rated the book "pleasant, undemanding reading", but found the narrative voice—"a six-year-old girl with the prose style of a well-educated adult"—to be implausible. It underlines no cause To Kill a Mockingbird is a novel of strong contemporary national significance. Some lamented the use of poor white Southerners, and one-dimensional black victims,  and Granville Hicks labeled the book " melodramatic and contrived".
It's interesting that all the folks that are buying it don't know they're reading a child's book. Somebody ought to say what it is. A survey of secondary books read by students between grades 9—12 in the U. Barra writes, "It's time to stop pretending that To Kill a Mockingbird is some kind of timeless classic that ranks with the great works of American literature. Its bloodless liberal humanism is sadly dated". Although acknowledging that the novel works, Mallon blasts Lee's "wildly unstable" narrative voice for developing a story about a content neighborhood until it begins to impart morals in the courtroom drama, following with his observation that "the book has begun to cherish its own goodness" by the time the case is over.
Atticus Finch I promised myself that when I grew up and I was a man, I would try to do things just as good and noble as what Atticus had done for Tom Robinson. As scholar Alice Petry explains, "Atticus has become something of a folk hero in legal circles and is treated almost as if he were an actual person. The editorial sparked a flurry of responses from attorneys who entered the profession because of him and esteemed him as a hero.
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The book's racial slurs, profanity, and frank discussion of rape have led people to challenge its appropriateness in libraries and classrooms across the United States. The American Library Association reported that To Kill a Mockingbird was number 21 of the most frequently challenged books of — Johnson cites examples of letters to local newspapers, which ranged from amusement to fury; those letters expressing the most outrage, however, complained about Mayella Ewell's attraction to Tom Robinson over the depictions of rape.
This has led to disparate perceptions that the novel has a generally positive impact on race relations for white readers, but a more ambiguous reception by black readers. In one high-profile case outside the U. The terminology in this novel subjects students to humiliating experiences that rob them of their self-respect and the respect of their peers. The word 'Nigger' is used 48 times [in] the novel We believe that the English Language Arts curriculum in Nova Scotia must enable all students to feel comfortable with ideas, feelings and experiences presented without fear of humiliation To Kill a Mockingbird is clearly a book that no longer meets these goals and therefore must no longer be used for classroom instruction.
Scout's voice "functions as the not-me which allows the rest of us—black and white, male and female—to find our relative position in society". Young views the novel as "an act of humanity" in showing the possibility of people rising above their prejudices.
Childress states the novel gives white Southerners a way to understand the racism that they've been brought up with and to find another way. And most white people in the South were good people. Most white people in the South were not throwing bombs and causing havoc I think the book really helped them come to understand what was wrong with the system in the way that any number of treatises could never do, because it was popular art, because it was told from a child's point of view.
This feeling causes them to question the beliefs with which they have been raised, which for many children is what the novel does. McWhorter writes of Lee, "for a white person from the South to write a book like this in the late s is really unusual—by its very existence an act of protest. I think by calling Harper Lee brave you kind of absolve yourself of your own racism