Russian Revolution timeline
In Russia, the revolution of begins when czarist troops open fire on a peaceful group of Some protestors were massacred on “Bloody Sunday,” setting off months of protest and disorder throughout Russia. Original Published Date. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Russian Revolution of date Russian Revolution of , uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar. A Russian Revolution timeline listing important events in Russia, from to Dates in this calendar are Julian or Old Style before January 24th and.
Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, the much-hated former governor of Moscow and an uncle of the tsar, is assassinated by an SR agent. The tsar promises to investigate the possibility of forming a legislative assembly, handing this task to Bulygin, his interior minister.
Believing them to be a source of revolutionary ideas and tension, the tsarist government orders the closure of universities until the next academic year.
Strikes break out in factories and at the docks in Odessa.
It hears but rejects a proposal to reunite with the Mensheviks. In Moscow, the Second Zemstvo Congress demands the formation of an elected legislature. The Battle of Tsushima results in almost the entire Russian Baltic Fleet being destroyed or taken captive by the Japanese. News of the defeat at Tsushima reaches St Petersburg, resulting in unrest and press criticism of the government.
A general strike erupts in Lodz, Poland, bringing industrial production there to a halt; over the next two days tsarist police shoot more than striking workers. The tsar meets with conservatives, telling them he has no intention of supporting the formation of an elected assembly. Pro-tsarist reactionaries in Ukraine launch a pogrom that kills around Jews. It devises an electoral system based on class and property qualifications.
It is rejected by most political groups. The Treaty of Portsmouth ends the Russo-Japanese War, with the Japanese winning decisively and gaining full control of the Korean peninsula. The tsar and his family embark on a two-week cruise around the Baltic.
First Russian Revolution begins - HISTORY
Cossack soldiers open fire on protestors in Moscow; ten people die. An uprising of several thousand military personnel at a naval base in Sevastopol, Ukraine. It is eventually crushed by troops loyal to the tsar. Sergei Witte meets with the tsar and says he must either impose a military dictatorship or relent and form a constitutional government. Strike action in St Petersburg spreads to become a general strike.
Nicholas II signs and promulgates the October Manifesto. It is received well but does not quell the unrest. Sergei Witte announces the creation of a Council of Ministers, offering key posts to Kadets, who refuse the offer. The St Petersburg Soviet orders an end to the general strike.
First Russian Revolution begins
Mutinies erupt at the Kronstadt and Vladivostok military bases; the Kronstadt sailors vote to form their own soviet. The Peasants Union meets in Moscow and draws up demands for a representative assembly and land redistribution.
For that we are still too weak. The point is not about victory but about giving the regime a shake and attracting the masses to the movement. That is the whole point. And to say that because we cannot win we should not stage an insurrection-that is simply the talk of cowards.
Nicholas II 's government knew an uprising was being planned but allowed it because it would justify crushing the revolutionaries. The Tsar wrote to his mother: During the first two days, the strike went on peacefully. On December 9, the situation changed. There were four soviets of workers' deputies coordinating the uprising. The governor of Moscow, Vice Admiral Fyodor Dubasovtried to arrest the ringleaders, which merely provoked a citywide uprising.
The revolt was based in Maxim Gorky 's apartment—bombs were made in the study and food for the revolutionaries in the kitchen. Gorky disliked the Bolsheviks' dogmatic collectivism but saw them as an ally against the backward peasants and Tsar.
Barricades were made from whatever people laid their hands on, even overturned trams.
1905 Russian Revolution
The police tried to dismantle them to no avail. Workers were joined by students and even some bourgeoisangered at the violence of the government. About representatives of Moscow's worker squads gathered at Fidler's technical school, the workers' "war ministry," where thousands of worker squads had received military training.
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Most workers were killed. The Bolsheviks issued a handbook on street fighting. The military wing of the Moscow Committee of the Social-Democratic Workers' Party sends out a pamphlet to its members during the uprising: In the section we have seized we'll establish an elected government and introduce the 8-hour work day.Crisis & Revolution in Russia (1905)
We shall prove that under our government the rights and freedoms of everyone will be protected better than they are now.