Senegal Travel Guide and Travel Information | World Travel Guide
Is dating a Scot really as great as Outlander and Karen Gillan would have you believe? The short answer: yes. From the sexy accent to their. Often overlooked as a holiday destination, sun-kissed Senegal has a few surprises up its sleeve for those intrepid enough to visit. The area that today is Senegal once was part of the West African Empire of Mali . Although they have fought neighbors in the past, today the relationship is one .
This enabled the people of Senegal to elect and send a deputy to the National Assembly in Paris. InGeneral Louis Faidherbe, a colonial administrator, was given the assignment of pacifying the continuously battling kingdoms along the Senegal River.
He created the Tirailleurs Senegalais corps of Senegalese riflemenan army of local volunteers under French commanders who achieved international fame during World War II.
18 amazing things you probably didn’t know about Senegal
Bythe French government, which had embarked on a "Grand Design" to conquer as much territory as possible, had completed the conquest of most of the parts of West Africa not occupied by the British, the Portuguese, and the Germans, and Dakar was designated the capital of all French West African territories.
The development of state schools provided education for Africans, and scholarships gave them the opportunity to receive higher learning in France, creating an educated African elite. After World War II, France's relations with some of its territories were marked by major colonial wars, a crisis that resulted in the acceleration of the decolonization process in West Africa. InSenegal and the French Sudan decided to merge and form the independent Mali Federation, but it was not a success.
Both countries then declared individual independence. On AprilSenegal was proclaimed an independent nation. Senegal is a land of traditions, and its people, although heterogenous, share a strong sense of national identity deeply rooted in Thiossane, a word used by the Wolof as well as the Serer Fulanithat means "history, tradition, and culture. Although French is the official language and the main language of instruction in the schools, even the most educated people are far from being "black Frenchmen" culturally.
The Dakar Wolof dialect has become the national language, especially in the urban areas and among the youth. The nation's precolonial traditions and long colonial history have helped forge a strong sense of national identity among the majority of the people, particularly the populations north of the Gambia River, who share similar hierarchical social structures and Islamic traditions and adherence to Muslim brotherhoods.
The largest single ethnic group is the Wolof 43 percent of the populationfollowed by the Pular also called Peulh or Fulani, nearly 25 percent, and the Serer more than 15 percent. Smaller groups include the Diola, Mandink, and Soninke.
Despite this cultural heterogeneity, interethnic strife does not exist and generally no group seeks autonomy on ethnic grounds or political independence except in the Casamance region. Since the early s, the Casamance has seen the development of a separatist movement, and sincethere has been conflict between local guerrillas and the army.
Casamance is substantially less Islamic and less Wolof than the rest of the country. The presence of Europeans, mostly French usually called Toubabs by the Senegalese and Lebanese each accounting for 1 percent of the population has not caused serious friction or hostility.
The country was tolerant of non-Senegalese Africans who came to live and work until the outbreak of violence Mauritania over grazing disputes curtailed their immigration. The Wolof have preserved their ethnic identity as a result of their openness to other groups and people. For centuries they have lived side by side with the Serer, Tukulor, Fulani, Mandink, and Diolas and have traded and intermarried with these neighbors.
Although they have fought neighbors in the past, today the relationship is one of tolerance and mutual jokes, which are known among the Wolof and the Fulani as Kal. The Wolof accept any person who easily identifies with others' customs. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space Lebou fishing people who settled in Dakar in the eighteenth century were looking for a safe haven.
They founded their new site in and called it Ndakarou. Dakar occupies the southern end of the Cap Vert peninsula. On a plateau about hundred feet above the sea, the administrative structures left from the colonial era include the Presidential Palace, City Hall, the Chamber of Commerce with its yellow bricks, and the Court House, which was built in The tall modern buildings, handsome residences, Women harvest rice from a field in the Casamance River region.
The main Senegalese dish is chep-bu-jen and consists of rice with vegetables and a spicy sauce. Adjoining the business section is the old and crowded quarter called the Medina, a jumble of old buildings, shacks, and narrow streets.
On the western side, beyond the Medina, are the impressive buildings of the University of Dakar and the fashionable suburb of Fann. Dakar has many mosques, the most impressive of which is the Great Mosque, and numerous churches and cathedrals. In rural areas, dwellings differ in type and in the materials used for construction but are adapted to the climate and the village way of life.
Important activities and social occasions are shared on the pencha, where people gather to chat and discuss village matters. Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. The basic food is rice cooked with a spicy sauce and vegetables. The national dish is chep-bu-jen, the Wolof word for rice with fish. Cooked in a tomato sauce with boiled fish and a few vegetables carrots, cabbage, and green pepperschep-bu-jen is originally from the city of Saint-Louis.
Yassa, a dish from Casamance is chicken or fish marinated in lemon juice, pepper, and onions and then baked. It is accompanied by plain white rice.
Senegal - Wikipedia
Food Customs at Ceremonial Occasions. On ceremonial occasions, festive meals that include roasted or grilled meat with beans or French fries are eaten. Couscous steamed millet with vegetables, mutton, and gravy is a ceremonial dish. At the end of each meal, strong and sweet tea is drunk. Except in areas where it is prohibited, alcohol is available. The country's market economy is based largely on agriculture.
The limited economic growth it has achieved since independence is interrupted periodically by drought conditions that can send the economy into severe recession. The most important food crops are millet and sorghum; large quantities of rice are imported. Cotton, rice, sugar, and market-garden produce are grown. The national currency is called the CFA franc. Land Tenure and Property. Primarily small family farms are worked chiefly by family labor.
More than two-thirds of the country's farms are less than ten acres in size; only 5 percent are more than twenty-five acres. After independence, the National Land Tenure Law of gave the state rights over all rural land and in theory abolished rents paid to absentee landlords. Under this arrangement, the state would become the steward of the land and allocate land rights to those who worked it.
Before independence, traditional local systems of land tenure were based on African customary law, which allowed the local nobility or the head or chief of a village to receive crop shares and land rents from former slaves and people without land. Under the new law, which was part of a package of socialist reforms, owners with permanent buildings on their land were given six months to establish deeds for their plots.
All land was divided into four categories: The country's most prominent Muslim leaders own large estates in the pioneer zones. The government's decision in to transfer large tracts of protected forestland to the head of the Mouride brotherhood to be used by his followers for planting peanuts dealt a serious blow to the credibility of the land tenure policy.
The press and the international donor community sharply criticized the government's decision, which followed a pattern dating back to colonial days, when the French ceded large tracts of land to the Mourides to encourage peanut production. Other reforms included the establishment of farmers' cooperatives and rural councils to replace traditional kin and patron-client networks.
The cooperatives became the basic sources from which farmers could obtain seeds, tools, credit, and marketing facilities for their crops. Agricultural and manufactured products are sold, including foodstuffs and household goods. The informal sector provides inexpensive goods and services for the urban poor who cannot afford to buy the goods produced by the formal industrial sector. There is an enormous market for cheap used clothing, which often is smuggled into the country and permits families to clothe their children at a relatively low cost.
Industrial output is determined largely by agricultural performance. Most major manufacturing is located in and around Dakar. Food processing is the largest activity, accounting for 43 percent of industrial production. Groundnut extraction is the major agricultural industry. Other industrial production includes fishing, phosphate mining, chemicals and oil, metal and mechanical industries, and the construction material and paper industries.
In terms of light industry, the craft sector is very active. It includes handmade textiles; gold, silver, and iron smithing; pottery making; woodworking; basketry; leatherworking; and other traditional crafts. Peanuts, phosphates, cotton, and fish and fishing products are exported. Fishing products, mostly canned tuna, provide direct and indirect employment for more thanpeople. As part of its diversification policy, Senegal became one of the first African countries to develop tourism as a major national economic activity.
However, tourism suffered a major blow from the Casamance insurgency and the conflict with Mauritania. Cash crops include rice, cowpeas, maize, sugar, and livestock. Cement, refined sugar, fertilizers, and tobacco products are exported to neighboring countries.
In the past, division of labor was practiced in farming. Before the rainy season, young men did the hard work of clearing the bush and preparing the land for sowing. Once it rained and the seeds began to sprout, women and children weeded.
The constitution bans child labor, but instead of attending school, many children work in the family's fields. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. The society historically was organized into a hierarchy of castes, a rigid structure in which descendants of royal lines and nobles ruled over artisan castes and slaves.
After independence, a new set of status criteria emerged. New means for achieving wealth, power, and status were introduced through the market economy and the development of the educational system. The modern elite includes successful businessmen, managers and professionals in the private sector as well as influential politicians, and highly educated individuals. The deterioration of living conditions has affected the life of the masses. Lepers, polio victims, and beggars are a common sight in the cities.
Senegal travel guide
View of Dakar's Independence Square. A test of man and machine, the rally cut a treacherous path through some of the most dangerous terrain on Earth, including the Sahara Desert. However, it was the threat of terrorism in the Sahel that saw the competition move to South America in The saline in the water attracts a non-harmful bacteria, which produces a red pigment to absorb the sun.
Tourists relax on the limpid waters of Lac Rose Credit: It briefly merged with Gambia InSenegal and Gambia agreed to form a confederation to improve cooperation between the two countries.
Dubbed Senegambia, the fledgling partnership was dissolved by Senegal in because Gambia refused to move towards a closer union. The worlds newest countries — how many have you visited? It is often considered the first film made in Africa by a black African.
Though designed by a Senegalese architect the bronze structure was built by a North Korean construction company. Visitors walk up the steps to the African Renaissance Monument Credit: It has its own dance Dubbed Sabar, this energetic dance is highly sexualised and requires a commendable level of fitness.
My Scottish friend, Tim, confirmed what I have known for some time now: Afterwards, it is decided whether or not they are a couple or just a sad pathetic fumble in the dark.
Generally there is a three to six date policy before sleeping with someone, depending on how skanky you are, how much you like the person etc. Obviously there are exceptions to the dating game. After a few dates and possible make out sessionspeople in Toronto have that dreaded serious talk: As such, because of the widely accepted practice of courting, men in Toronto seem more apt at making the first move. Generally, if you are out somewhere and making hot bedroom eyes with a dude, he is more than likely to attempt and strike up a conversation and hopefully ask you out.
Sadly, not so in Glasgow. The men over here are hopeless at making the first move; I don't know if it's some weird cultural thing that hearkens back to the middle ages, but dudes over here seem completely oblivious.