Melbourne - Wikipedia
Access profile and performance information for each of Victoria's 79 councils Victorian Local Government Contacts - October - (MS Excel Document. The full list of past local council elections, extraordinary vacancies, Election date, Election 18 May, Melbourne City Council Lord Mayor by-election. 7 March. Describes how a council election is conducted and provides key dates and methods of counting votes. The Local Government Act the Victorian Electoral Commission the statutory provider for all council elections. This is called the ' entitlement date'. . Electoral structures and boundaries for councils need to be regularly.
The current Local Government Act dates to and eliminated administrative distinctions between cities and shires, introduced the category of rural city and removed the possibility of declaring any further boroughs or towns existing boroughs and towns were retained, although only one, the Borough of Queensclifferemains today, the others being abolished with the restructure. Five shires became rural cities but were dissolved with the restructure.
In there were 65 cities in Victoria, more than there were in England at the time despite a significantly lower population.
Inthe Jeff Kennett government restructured local government in Victoria. His reforms dissolved councils and sacked elected councillors, and created 78 new councils through amalgamations. The new local government areas LGAs were headed by commissioners appointed by the State Government, democratically elected councils did not return until The City of Melbourne and the City of Greater Geelong have a directly elected mayor, whereas other councils elect a mayor from one of their number.
Some LGAs are divided into wards for the purpose of electing councillors; where a ward elects a single councillor, it is by preferential voting; and where it elects multiple councillors, it is by proportional voting using the Single Transferrable Vote.
Voting is in all cases compulsory for enrolled voters and elections for all councils now happen on the same day every four years—on the last Saturday in November two years after state parliamentary elections.
Despite this area being comparable to the average area of a US or English county, there are no administrative subdivisions such as American towns and cities or English parishes; suburbs a part of an urban areatowns and rural districts, although legally defined, have a purely geographical existence. According to the Local Government Actthe term "city", must be used for a municipal district which is predominantly urban in character; "rural city" must be used for a rural district which is partly urban and partly rural in character; and the term "shire" must be used for a municipal district which is predominantly rural.
In practice, this is understood as referring to the population distribution between urban centres and rural areas.
City of Melbourne boundary map - City of Melbourne
The term "borough", used of the Borough of Queenscliffeis not defined by the act but has been retained for the single borough which survived the reforms of the s. Under the repealed Local Government Actboroughs, towns and cities were defined on the basis of area, population and rateable property. In practice, boroughs were and are small towns. Political composition[ edit ] In contrast to ones at federal and state levels, local government elections in Victoria are a generally non-partisan affair.
City of Melbourne
When are council elections held? All council elections are held every four years on the fourth Saturday in October. Victorian state and local government election dates are both fixed-term, but are scheduled to occur two years apart from each other. Who runs council elections? The Returning Officer will be the Electoral Commissioner or his or her appointee. Close of nominations Candidates must submit their nominations in person to the Returning Officer before the close of nominations.
Nominations close at 12 noon, 32 days before the election day. Close of voting There are two ways in which people can vote, depending on which system each council has chosen — postal elections and attendance elections.
The election process - Know Your Council
The close of voting differs. In postal elections, ballot papers must be completed and posted to the returning officer no later than 6pm on the last working day before election day.
In attendance elections, voting closes at 6pm on election day. Voting centres open at 8am on election day. Key election dates are publicised in the lead-up to an election, enabling people to participate fully in the process. The Returning Officer, who runs an election, is also able to provide more detail of the election timeline. How votes are counted Two methods of counting votes are used in council elections, depending on whether or not the election is for a single-member ward.
Preferential voting The preferential voting system is used where a ward is electing a single councillor. This is similar to the system of vote counting used for single member electorates in the State Legislative Assembly and the Federal House of Representatives. All valid first preference votes are counted and sorted to determine the number of first preferences for each candidate.
If no candidate has an absolute majority, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and their votes are re-allocated according to their second preferences.
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This process is repeated until one candidate obtains an absolute majority and is declared elected. Proportional Representation The Proportional Representation method is used for counting election results for unsubdivided councils and multi-member wards. Proportional representation is designed to elect candidates in proportion to their share of votes. Proportional representation is used for Australian Senate elections and for the State Legislative Council.
However, voting in council elections does not include above-the-line voting as it does in these federal and state systems with the exception of Melbourne City Council — see below.
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In a proportional representation system, a candidate does not require absolute majority of votes to be elected. Instead they must obtain a quota of votes, which is calculated in accordance with a statutory formula. The quota is calculated by dividing the total number of formal votes by one more than the number of vacancies to be filled in the ward or district, and then increasing the result by one vote.
The vote counting process in a proportional representation system is undertaken as follows: At any time during the count, when a candidate obtains a total number of votes that is equal to, or greater than, the quota, they are declared elected. Unless all the vacancies have been filled, if a candidate has received more votes than the quota, the value of votes in excess of the quota is redistributed to the next available preference on each ballot paper.
If all the vacancies have not been filled after redistributing the excess votes of elected candidates, the candidate with the lowest number of votes is excluded and all their votes are redistributed to the next available preference on each ballot paper.
These procedures are repeated until all the vacancies have been filled.
The Victorian Electoral Commission has more information about the ways votes are counted. Declaration of election results The Returning Officer will publicly declare results after the votes have been counted and scrutineers have had time to examine the record of the count.
Separate provision for the capital city council's elections is laid down in the City of Melbourne Act The Lord Mayor and Deputy Lord Mayor nominate as a team and are elected on a single ballot paper, using preferential voting.5 Christian Dating Boundaries
Candidates for the other councillor positions may nominate to run in groups and the ballot paper used is similar to that of the Australian Senate and the Victorian Legislative Council. This includes provision for above-the-line voting for group tickets.
These votes are counted using proportional representation. City of Greater Geelong Following the dismissal of the elected council in Aprila Geelong Citizens' Jury will recommend an electoral structure for its future council. This includes the positions of mayor and deputy mayor.