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Malaikat datang dalam bentuk seorang sahabat itu ada dalam diri Ijoel, pria humoris dengan selera humor antik, punya teman segudang dan selalu dirindukan. Pun sebaliknya iblis berwujud teman, datang dengan senyuman lagi rangkulan memabukkan. Menghembuskan angin surga ke pori-pori di kulit arimu, membawa kesenangan atas nama persahabatan yang tampak di kala keriaan dan keramaian.
Bukankan mereka tak berjejak dalam kedukaanmu? Mengapa kesenangan harus dibagi, sementara kedukaan harus disimpan sendiri? Untuk dirimu sendiri kau tak berlaku adil. Di penghujung hari akhirnya saya mendapakan baseball jacket warna biru yang keren dan denim hoodie kondisi 95 persen. Saya seperti merasa menang perang sehabis perburuan ini. Ijoel belum mendapat tangkapan hari ini, mungkin esok, lusa, mungkin tidak.
Band efek rumah kaca bakal main di payakumbuh besok malam lho? Setelah hampir sepuluh menit obrolan basa-basi dengan tiga dara itu.
National And Marine Park
Saya pun undur diri kembali ke pangkuan Ijoel. Sebelumnya saya berharap salah satu dari mereka ada yang akan nonton ERK di Payakumbuh dan kita bisa berangkat bareng dari bukititinggi esoknya. Tapi percayalah ajakan kenalan saya itu hanya untuk menambah cerita di blog ini lebih menarik, sekalipun saya bakal merasa teralienasi dengan mereka.
Mamak Den yang terbaik! Lokasinya yang hanya 1 km dari sini setelah di cek melalui Maps, jadi kami putuskan untuk berjalan, anggap saja melanjutkan obrolan yang selalu seru dibahas dengan Ijoel. Tak terasa kami sudah sampai menurut Maps, kami tidak menemukan apapun yang berbau BeGetArt, kami berjalan lagi hingga sampai meter melewati lokasi, hasilnya nihil, berbalik arah menuju lokasi awal dan kami mulai bertanya ke orang-orang sekitar, tak seorang pun yang tahu adanya tempat kumpul BeGetArt dimana.
Sialnya kami berjalan hampir 3 kilometer demi kesia-sian ini, bahkan Direct Message kami di akun IG-nya pun tak berbalas sampai sekarang. BeGetArt semoga kau sembuh! Demi menetralisir kesialan akibat ulah oknum brengsek ini, kami makan nasi goreng. Uh seandainya semua masalah bisa diselesaikan dengan makan-makan. Mungkin semua masalah di dunia ini sudah cepat berakhir. Setengah satu pagi menembus hawa dingin Bukittinggi bukan ide yang baik ternyata, tapi tak ada pilihan kalau mau tidur gratis.
Sesampai tujuan ternyata bukan Toko kripik yang dimaksud, tetapi dua toko sebelumnya. Kami pesan minum dulu sebelum minta izin untuk numpang tidur pagi ini. Kami berusaha terlelap hingga jam dua pagi. Esok pagi yang mengejutkan pintu digedor-gedor membangunkan kami, sehabis itu si Ibu marah-marah karena kami mandi disitu haha. Makan tuh penginapan gratis! Kami sarapan disitu sebelum kembali lagi ke pasar lereng dan Ijoel dapat kemeja kece.
Sah sudah dibukittinggi kami menuju Payakumbuh. Buat saya, sebagai pendengar semenjak membaca resensi album self-titled mereka di majalah RollingStone Indonesia tahun sampai mengklaim sebagai ERK Estrada menyimak lirik mereka dengan sungguh-sungguh. Mengikuti perjalanan musikal ERK dari pengaruh alunan pop minimalis, post rock, Radiohead, Jeff Buckley sampai di era art rock-nya Sinestesia yang membuat penggemar lama macam saya mengenyitkan dahi, belajar mencintai lagi kemudian mencari dimana pola minimalis-minimalis yang dulu ada pada Trio Kesayangan saya ini.
MOUNT. LUBUK RAYA | avonturir
Dan berakhir secara klise bahwa jika sebuah band harus berkembang secara musikal maka penggemarnya juga harus ikut berkembang secara simultan.
Saya mengamini hal ini, pasrah tunduk tanpa perlawanan. Yang membuat saya bingung adalah mengapa destinasi kali ini di kota satelit Payakumbuh, bukan di ibukota provinsi yang notabene lebih terhubung dengan musik dan lirik ERK. Apapun itu Saya dan Ijoel telah menginjakkan kaki disini dan siap untuk mengalami pengalaman spiritual yang mungkin akan masuk dalam daftar momen-momen yang tak terlupakan sepanjang masa.
Ijoel menghisap sigaret putih seolah itu adalah hisapan terakhirnya, sementara aku terus menasehatinya untuk berhenti, setidaknya mencoba dulu.
Saya menceritakan bahwa begitu banyak musisi idola yang karyanya kita puja tidak merokok dan berhenti merokok. Atau terdengar seperti Mario Teguh? Seperti itulah jika kau bertemu sahabatmu. Know-It-All memang tidak menyenangkan, ah siapa peduli, kebenaran tidak selalu muncul dengan senyum kebahagiaan.
Suasana taman dengan bangku dan lampu nama band kali yah Jserba-serbi bunga-bunga, pepohonan, sungai mengalir dibawahnya. Hamparan rumput kami duduki menikmati para penampil, tinggi panggung hanya sepinggang orang dewasa, membenarkan kata-kata intimate gigs. Diorama adalah penampil kesekian malam itu, saya tak ingat sudah berapa band yang sudah pamit dari panggung.
Band ini memiliki nafas Britrock akut, terdengar di suara efek delay di bebunyian kedua gitarisnya. This is to enter the northern part of Belum- Temenggor, not the Banding Island resorts. There is a fee of RM There are two groups of orang asli original people or aborigines that live within the park boundaries, the Jahai of Negrito origins and the Temiar, a sub- group of the Senoi who are proto-Malay.
Visits to their villages can be arranged to witness their culture and even try their blowpipes. Visit can also be arranged to Norwegian- owned Tilapia fish cultivation project in Temenggor Lake to learn how fish are reared and prepared for export.
Belum houses an estimated species of flora. The lower and hill dipterocarp forest trees include species such as meranti Shorea sppcengal Balanocarpus heimeiikeruing Dipterocarpus spp and merbau Intsia palembanica while the lower montane forest is mainly oak and laurel.
Within the park 46 species of palms, 62 species of mosses, 32 species of edible fruit and over species of ginger have so far been identified. Ancient cycads, bamboos, native orchids and three species of Rafflesia can also be found within Belum. But Belum is also home to perhaps the most endangered species in Peninsular Malaysia, the Sumatran rhinoceros Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. Other rare species endemic to Belum include the tapir, white-handed gibbon, Malayan sun bear, clouded leopard and the black panther.
Wild boar, three species of deer, porcupine and serow Capricornius sumatrensis a wild goat also exist within the park. So far, almost species of birds have been documented, including all of the 14 species of hornbill that are known in Malaysia. For entomologists, species of butterfly and species of moth have so far been documented along with 95 species of leaf beetles and 16 species of stag beetles. The list is endless — dragonflies, damselflies, ants, snails, centipedes, millipedes, molluscs and crustaceans among them.
Royal Belum also boasts over 60 salt licks where some of the larger mammals come at night to replenish their mineral diet. At some of these salt licks, hides have been built for visitors who want to spend time viewing the animals.
There are two ways to access the park. One is via Tanjong Kiara, which necessitates a two- to three-hour boat ride from Kuala Lipis. It is then followed by a minute boat ride to the park entrance. The park, however, has limited facilities. Although there are basic chalets and campsites, there is no electricity in the park, so leave the laptop and chargers behind. Various tour companies in major towns and Kuala Lipis organise a variety of trips to the park to cater for specific needs, such as bird watching, caving and trekking.
The park is part of a contiguous chain of protected forest reserves that provides a wildlife corridor for large mammals between the centre of the peninsula and Royal Belum Park in northern Perak, adjacent to the Thai border.
It is also a remote, biologically rich wilderness comprising mainly rare, undisturbed lowland forest. Located in the scenic Kenong Valley, the park is traversed by clear mountain streams, cascading waterfalls and refreshing pools as well as string of magnificent limestone caves. Most of the caves are easily accessible on foot. The Kenong River actually flows through the Batu Tinggi Cave, which resembles a boat and is the habitat of a variety of wild orchid plants.
The park is also home to the aborigines of the Batek tribe, who have long inhabited these remote, luxuriant rainforests. The Batek people still hunt with poison- tipped darts fired from blowpipes, catch fish from the rivers and forage for wild fruits and tubers. Tualang trees are also very evident, as are strangling figs.
The lush vegetation also includes wild fruits, gingers, forest yams, rattans and palms. Some rare aquatic vegetation can be found in the many still waters within the park, and forest fungi are prolific both on the ground as well as in the cracks and crevices of both dead and living trees. Flora and Fauna Epiphytes such as ferns and orchids are abundant in the park, which is dominated by lowland forest and riverine vegetation.
Primarily dipterocarp forest, the lofty Although sightings are extremely rare, elephants, tapirs, tigers, deer, wild cattle, wild pigs and leopards are all known to dwell in the park or pass through it. However, you are more likely to encounter smaller mammals such as porcupines, mouse deer, and slow loris. Insect life is also very prolific, as can be seen in the diverse varieties of beetles, ants, stick insects and centipedes and millipedes in a profusion of colours.
Over species of birds exist in the park, including the Great Argus pheasant, Malaysian peacock pheasant, hornbills and several species of warblers, babblers, flycatchers, spider hunters, kingfishers and cuckoos. Interspersed with rocky outcrops, its coastline is home to some fine beaches and coves.
There are basic facilities for camping at certain sites. To get to the park, take the Batu Ferringhi road all the way to the Teluk Bahang town and then head for the pier. From there, it is just a short walk to the park headquarters. Basic chalets and modern camping facilities are found at Teluk Bahang and there are other campsites within the park.
Rest points with tables and chairs are also available along some of the trails. The office is open from 8am to 6pm daily. Among the more popular trails is the one to Muka Head, which starts at the park entrance in Teluk Bahang, on to Teluk Duyong and then to Muka Head where there is a lighthouse. Views from the top of the lighthouse, which was built inare superb. It has a myriad of hilly but well-marked trekking trails of differing lengths and difficulty. Many of these trails lead to the eight main beaches in the park.
Another popular trail leads to Pantai Kerachut where a meromictic lake is the main attraction. A meromictic lake is formed when two bodies of water do not mix.
In this case, water from the cool mountain stream remains at the bottom of the warmer seawater at high tide. The lake is only around for about six months a year during periods of heavy rainfall. There is also a turtle hatchery at the end of the beach. This is where Green turtles Chelonia mydas come ashore to nest, as they do along western-facing beaches. Two other species of turtle have also been known to nest along these shores, the Olive Ridley Lepidochelys olviacea and the Hawksbill Eretmochelys imbricata.
Teluk Bahang and Teluk Tukun both have camping grounds and other facilities. Flora and Fauna The park contains several different types of habitat, from lowland and hill dipterocarp forests, wetlands, mangroves and mudflats to sandy beaches and offshore coral reefs.
These account for a wide diversity of species habitation. Logging ceased in the area in and much of the forest has returned to a natural state. Pitcher plants, orchids and ferns are fairly abundant here, as are heavy hardwoods like chengal and lighter hardwoods like meranti and jelutong Dyera costulata. The last, with its straight trunk, silvery bark and broad leaves bunched in an umbrella shape, supplies sap from which chewing gum is made.
So far, species of flora and species of arboreal and nocturnal mammals, reptiles, insects as well as amphibians have been discovered in the park. These include long-tailed macaques, leaf monkeys, mouse deer, the rare flying lemur, tree shrews, fruit bats, wild pig, squirrels, snakes and crustaceans. Add to this species of birds, which include the White-bellied Sea Eagle and the Brahminy Kite as well as turtles, dolphins and sea otters, and you will find an impressive range of animal life for such a relatively small area.
The park derives its name from the Endau River and its tributaries, which are the central feature of the park, and the Rompin area in the state of Pahang.
It is interesting to note that the Rompin River does not originate or flow within the park area. The second designated national park in Peninsular Malaysia, the Endau-Rompin area has been recognised for its great beauty and diversity since when the Sultan of Johor approved the designation of over ,ha as a wildlife reserve.
Further exploration and surveys resulted in the declaration of 49,ha as a national park in The state of Pahang designated their part of the present park covering 40,ha as a national park in A four-wheel drive vehicle is highly recommended. From Johor there are two gateways.
The most popular is from the town of Kahang via Kluang. Again, a four-wheel drive vehicle is required. Your first 15km or so is through plantations while the last 20km is across a bumpy track through virgin rainforests to Kampung Peta, an orang asli village. The second entrance from Johor is from the town of Bekok near Segamat, which also necessitates a four-wheel drive vehicle.
There is another way to get to Kampung Peta and this involves a boat journey from the lower Endau River just south of Kuala Rompin.
This may take five to eight hours and an overnight camp at one of the many sand banks can be arranged. The tour operator will provide camping equipment. Packages usually include transport, accommodation and food. The awesome beauty of the Endau Valley is really something to behold and it is, perhaps, the most beautiful scenery in peninsular Malaysia. Lowland forests give way to steep ridges with sedimentary rocks predominating.
There are also granite uplands and sandstone plateaus. The park can be explored through many well-marked trails along which trekkers can come upon numerous waterfalls, the most famous being the 50m-high Mahkota Falls. Hidden halfway up its cascading water is Gadang Cave. Guides are compulsory and can be found among the local community of orang asli of the Jakun tribe. Their intimate knowledge of the area and its plants and animals is undisputed.
The dipterocarp species predominate while several previously unknown plant species including trees, mosses and vines have also been discovered. Rare and endemic species of plants include ferns, pitcher plants and the beautiful fan palm, Livistona endauensis. Other unusual species include the walking stick palm Phychorapis singaporensis and the climbing bamboo.
It is thought to be home to the Sumatran rhinoceros, as well as elephants, tapirs, tigers, wild boars, deer, monkeys, gibbons, sun bears also known as the honey bearcivets, binturong bear cat plus most other typical lowland animal species.
Bird species are, of course, abundant and include hornbills, Argus pheasants, kingfishers and drangos. Butterflies, moths, beetles and a huge variety of other insects can be easily spotted. White water lily Stemless palm Malaysian Mahseer 17 5.
It is the meeting place for plants of Himalayan and Chinese genera as well as of Australian, New Zealand and even American affinity. Many plant species here are found only in Borneo and many are endemic to the area.
Six major topographical features occur within the park — peaks; plateaus; gullies, rivers, streams and waterfalls; hot springs; caves and granite slabs. The mountain itself has long been regarded as sacred to the local KadazanDusun people, who consider its brooding peaks the resting place of the spirits of their departed ancestors.
A recent study revealed that the mountain is host to as many as 6, species of flora comprising over families and 1, genera. The vegetation can change from lush tropical lowland forest to cool alpine meadow and everything else in between in just 3km. Up to around 1,m, the tropical rainforest predominates, with the main trees being of the dipterocarp family. These are mainly hardwoods that can grow up to 50m or more.
The park has an amazing variety of wild fruit trees such as rambutan, mango, durian, figs and tarap Artocarpus odoratissimus. Many species of palm, ginger and bamboo are also common at the lower elevations. For palms alone, over 52 species from 10 genera have been recorded.
Both epiphytic and terrestrial orchids are found at all altitudes, and it is estimated that over 1, species in genera exist in the park. The Rothchilds Slipper orchid, a superb specimen, has petals that can reach 12cm and is said to resemble the outstretched arms of the KadazanDusun people performing the Sumazau dance.
Three species - Rafflesia keithii, Rafflesia pricei and Rafflesia tengku-adlini — of this parasitic plant have so far been discovered here. Rafflesia has no stems, leaves or true roots but it has thread-like filaments that spread inside the roots and stems of forest vines to absorb nutrients. When it is ready to flower, buds that look like drab cabbages develop on the host vine and take about nine months to bloom. The flowers only live for three to four days, all the while emitting an unpleasant odour that attracts insects for pollination.
The Rafflesia keithii flower can reach up to 1m in diameter. The lower montane forest, at altitudes of between 1,m and 2,m, consists primarily of temperate deciduous trees. Here, oak, chestnut, myrtle, laurel, eucalyptus and tea trees predominate. There are more than 60 species of oak and chestnut. Buses to the interior town of Ranau usually leave the main outstation bus depot at every other hour beginning at 7am and pass the entrance to the park headquarters 80km. To return to Kota Kinabalu, just wait outside the park entrance from 9am for the numerous buses that ply the route.
Taxis are also available from the bus depot. You are advised to negotiate your fare before boarding. One taxi for four persons is approximately RM Return fares can be negotiated. The other alternative is to hire your own vehicle from one of the many car rental companies in Kota Kinabalu. Known for its hot springs, Poring, located 40km south-east of the main park headquarters, is worth a visit when you are in the area. It is accessible by road through Kundasang and Ranau.
Calaméo - National And Marine Park
The Mount Kinabalu International Climbathon Over the past 25 years, Mount Kinabalu has been the staging ground for the toughest mountain race in the world. A 21km- gruelling race to the summit mthe Mount Kinabalu International Climbathon is divided into two main categories — men and women.
There are also senior men and women categories as well as junior categories. Kinabalu to Layang- Layang station The current record, set in by Marco de Gasperi of Italy, is two hours, 36 minutes and 59 seconds. TheClimbathonisnowpartofthe World Skyrunner Series and is one of only seven such races in the world endorsed by the Federation of Sports at Altitude for the running World Championship Circuit.
For more information, go to: Kinabalu The climb up Mount Kinabalu can be done in two days. However, a more leisurely three days will allow one to really enjoy the rich biological diversity here. Climbers usually set off for the peak at 3am for the three-hour climb to the summit, arriving in time to see the spectacular sunrise weather permitting.
Descent to the Timpohon Gate the starting point is usually accomplished within six hours. Rafflesia The tropical pitcher plant thrives on Mount Kinabalu, with at least 10 out of the 30 or so species in Borneo being found mainly in its lower montane zone. Some of these cups can be very large. John, a government official who climbed Kinabalu inwrote that he found one so huge its pitcher held four litres of liquid and a dead rat.
Above 2,m, the trees are stunted and covered with mosses and liverwarts. In this upper montane zone up to around 3,m, rhododendrons predominate, their red, pink, orange and white blooms adding colour to the mist-shrouded forests. At least half of the over 50 species of rhododendrons in Borneo are found within the park, with five or six species not existing anywhere else in the world. On the rocky summit plateau, only tiny mountain orchids and ferns grow where soils have accumulated in crevices or cracks.
Other primates, langurs, monkeys, gibbons, tarsiers and the slow loris have all been seen in the park. Other large animals here include the rare clouded leopard, bearded pig, sun bear and three species of deer - the large sambar deer, the smaller barking deer and the tiny mouse deer. Smaller mammals include tree shrews, squirrels including tree, ground and flyingpangolins, porcupines, palm civets, rats, mice and bats including flying fox.
A few species of insectivores, of which the moon rat is most well known, also inhabit the park. Around species of birds including hornbills, eagles, black and red mountain blackbirds, dark olive black eyes, Sunda bush-warblers and short-tailed bush warblers have been sighted within the park. Partridge, kingfishers, thrushes and the Kinabalu serpent eagle are often spotted along the trails.
There are more than 60 species of frogs and toads, over species of butterflies and more than species of moths here. Forty fish species representing nine families are also known to exist in Kinabalu Park. It has more species of stick insects, beetles, moths and butterflies than just about anywhere else on earth. It is also home to the rare flying squirrel, the even rarer flying lemur, flying snakes, flying lizards as well as uncountable species of insects.
A variety of chalets, lodges, villas, cabins and a hostel for persons are available. There are two restaurants as well as a souvenir and sundry shop.
At 3,m up the mountain, the Laban Rata Resthouse can take 54 guests in rooms of various sizes. There are also four self-caterings huts, sleeping up to 84 people. Sleeping bags and blankets can be hired. The Laban Rata Resthouse has a restaurant.
The park offers a variety of self-catering chalets, cabins and a hostel for 68 persons. As a campsite is also available here, you can use your own tents or hire from the park. There is a restaurant in the park and is complemented by local food stalls just outside the gate. Mesilau offers chalets, lodges and hostel accommodation for up to people as well as a restaurant. The m-walkway comprises four sections laid out in a Y-shape.
Single planks are placed on aluminium ladders with rope handrails and netting. At its highest point, the walkway is 41m above ground, providing a gateway to the secret life of the forest canopy. The Sumatran rhinoceros and the Borneo wild cattle are thought to be still around in the park although there have been no recent sightings of them. Mount Kinabalu is part of this backbone of green-clad rugged ridges that stretches between Mt.
Lumaku in the south andTambuyukon in the north, both mountains being over feet high. Tambuyukon and Kinabalu are both composed of igneous rocks but most of the ridges of the Crocker Range are composed of folded sandstones. It is spread over 1, The park runs almost parallel to the coastline in a northeast - southwest direction, stretching from just south of Kundasang in the north to Tenom in the south.
The Padas River, one of the many emanating from the range, bisects the Crocker Range between Beaufort and Tenom at the swift-flowing, boulder- strewn Padas Gorge. This is the best whitewater rafting site in Borneo although it is not navigable by boat.
A railway line skirts the river on its journey Tiger leech n Getting There You can travel by road from Kota Kinabalu via Papar or Tambunan as both roads traverse the park. Buses run regularly to Keningau from the Kota Kinabalu long distance bus station near Padang Merdeka and taxis will take you from Keningau to the Crocker Range Station.
You can also opt for a long distance taxi from Kota Kinabalu. If you take the Tambunan road, you will pass the Rafflesia Information Centre and can stop for an hour or so to see this wonderful and unusual plant. The town of Tenom can be reached either by train from Kota Kinabalu via Beaufort and through the Padas Gorge an experience to be savoured or directly by road from Kota Kinabalu.
There are two exclusive rooms with king-sized bed, which can accommodate 4 people 2 person per room and two large rooms for 32 persons 16 person per room. The hostel is also equipped with lounge, kitchen facilities, and common bathrooms.Gunung Lubuk Raya #laporan perjalanan
Camping sites are also available. Visitors are advised to make arrangements with reputable travel agents for jungle trekking and white water rafting.
Roads also bisect the park in both north-south and east-west directions. The Crocker Range was formed several million years ago when movements beneath the earth lifted and folded sedimentary rocks into valleys and ridges. Over the millennia, the ravages of weather reduced the height of these sandstone and shale ridges and the highest point now is Gunung Alab 1,mwhich is just outside the actual park boundary, above the Sinsuran Pass.
Virtually all of the park stands at a minimum m above sea level. Flora and Fauna The dipterocarp forest of the lower elevations is still primarily untouched. At higher elevations, the forest is rich in oaks, chestnuts and conifers such as Agathis spp, while drifting mists on the highest ridges provide ideal conditions for thick mossy forests teeming with orchids, rhododendrons and pitcher plants.
Rafflesia is endemic in the area, and there are two well-known sites in a forest reserve a few minutes walk off the main road from the Rafflesia Information Centre near Sinsuron on the KK-Tambunan road. Currently, five species of primates have so far been recorded in the park. There are orang-utan here but they are rarely sighted. Commonly seen are long-tailed and pig- tailed macaques, gibbons, and the furry tarsier with its huge eyes and frog-like hands and feet.
The clouded leopard, Neofelis nebulosa, is known to inhabit the park, sharing its habitat with bears and wild pigs that roam the forest floors. Bird life is diverse, with the number of species running in the hundreds, and easier to see.
This river flows through the middle of the park, forming many natural deepwater pools and waterfalls. Table Waterfall is the most well known. There are showers, toilets and changing rooms close to the rivers. Oil palm, cocoa and rubber plantations fringe the park and a network of roads passing these estates leads to the park.
The park is a landscape of rugged volcanic features shaped by aeons of volcanic activity hundreds of thousands of years ago. As a result, the soils of the area are by far the richest in Sabah, being volcanic in nature.
However, there are no more volcanoes now except for a few mud bubbles in the park.
Flora and Fauna Lowland dipterocarp forest dominates the park and thick damp, mossy forest takes over at heights of over m. The terrain is hilly with two prime elevations — Gunung Magdalena 1,m andGunungLucia 1,m. Also found within the park is Bombalai Hill mwhich is the remains of a volcanic crater.
The mengaris tree with its smooth grey trunk, noted for its attraction to honeybees, is common in the area. The bees build their honeycombs very high, out of reach and well away from predators. Orchids, ferns, other epiphytes and forest herbs grow in abundance. Long-tailed macaques and red leaf monkeys inhabit the area but are not easy to see. Giant tree squirrels, the forest tortoise, creamy white leaf monkeys, civet cats and leopard cats, including the clouded leopard, though rarely seen, are not uncommon.
Of course, as with all jungle areas, wild pigs and deer traverse the forest floor. The Borneo pygmy elephant, whose taxonomy was only recently classified, also roams this area. Birds include hornbills, pheasants, kingfishers and many other species. Jungle insects are profuse, including both the flying and the ground dwellers.
Moths — the giant atlas moth in particular - beetles, centipedes and millipedes, along with frogs, rodents and snakes are plentiful.
It is a major water catchment area for Tawau town and the Semporna Peninsula. It is accessible by a maze of plantation roads of various standards.
However, visitors have to make their own arrangements to get there. Taxis and buses are available for hire from Tawau as are four-wheel drive vehicles. It is easier to purchase a tour package from a local tour operator or have them pick you up at Tawau airport, which is accessible from Kuala Lumpur direct or Kota Kinabalu.
An entrance fee is charged. There is a cafeteria that provides simple meals and drinks. Barbecue pits are provided in various areas making it a popular destination among the townsfolk of Tawau.
Those who wish to camp must bring their own equipment. Agathis hostel A and B provide a total of 19 rooms, each with four beds, shared bathrooms as well as a common kitchen and eating area.
It is also accessible by river. However, visitors wishing to make the journey by river are advised to liaise with a tour operator as there is no regular boat service to Mulu.
The park headquarters can take in 80 people in a variety of accommodation. Rooms have facilities for making tea and coffee. The Longhouse Rooms with ensuite are suitable for two to four persons and are air-conditioned. Other rooms have ensuite and ceiling fans while the dormitory has 21 beds and shared bathing facilities. For longer treks such as the Pinnacles or the Headhunters trail, guides are required and they need to be booked at least one day in advance.
During the peak season, however, they may be fully booked weeks in advance. It is extremely rich in palm species with over species in 20 genera so far identified. Dominated by Gunung Mulu, a 2,m high sandstone pinnacle, the park is home to km of explored limestone caves, which in turn are home to millions of cave swiftlets and bats. Geologically, the park is a combination of alluvial clays with sandstone and limestone formations.
The concentration of caves in the Melinau formation with its geomorphic and structural characteristics demonstrate an evolutionary history of more than 1. It is the most studied tropical karst area in the world. Its outstanding scenic wonders — deeply incised canyons, rivers, rainforest covered mountains, spectacular limestone pinnacles and caves coupled with the huge range of biodiversity — make Mulu National Park a prime destination.
It has a very high rainfall, even by tropical standards, averaging around six metres a year. However, weather patterns are fairly constant with clear mornings and late afternoon or evening showers. Sarawak itself boasts 11 national parks that are open to the public.
Some 17 zones have been identified with over 3, species of which 2, are flowering plants.