The entrance exam in L1 (first year) | Beaux-arts°Nantes
Nantes ([nɑ̃t] (About this sound listen)) (Gallo: Naunnt or Nantt (pronounced [nɑ̃t ] or [nɑ̃ːt]); Debate continues about Nantes' place in Brittany, with polls indicating a large but its position on reunification is similar to that of the Pays de la Loire. . Nantes has a few structures dating to antiquity and the early Middle Ages. Need to speed up your go-to-market and support the rapid growth of your digital resources, or to consolidate and streamline your IT infrastructure?. [email protected] SEMESTER DATES / of the applications from foreign students takes place several times per a year.
Nantes was an important Republican garrison on the Loire en route to England. Twelve thousand Republican soldiers resisted and the Battle of Nantes resulted in the death of Royalist leader Jacques Cathelineau. Nantes was seen by the convention as a corrupt merchant city; the local elite was less supportive of the French Revolution, since its growing centralisation reduced their influence.
Between 12, and 13, people including women and children were arrested, and 8, to 11, died of typhus or were executed by the guillotineshooting or drowning.
The Drownings at Nantes were intended to kill large numbers of people simultaneously, and Carrier called the Loire "the national bathtub". The slave trade nearly disappeared because of the abolition of slavery and the independence of Saint-Domingueand Napoleon's Continental Blockade decimated trade with other European countries. Nantes never fully recovered its 18th-century wealth; the port handled 43, tons of goods indown fromtons in They had embraced the Industrial Revolutionthanks to Parisian investments; Nantes lagged behind, struggling to find profitable activities.
Nostalgic for the pre-revolutionary golden age, the local elite had been suspicious of political and technological progress during the first half of the 19th century. Inafter much debate and opposition, Nantes was connected to Paris by the Tours—Saint-Nazaire railway.
Inthe city's two main industries were food processing and shipbuilding. The former, primarily the canning industry, included the biscuit manufacturer LU and the latter was represented by three shipyards which were among the largest in France.
These industries helped maintain port activity and facilitated agriculture, sugar imports, fertilizer production, machinery and metallurgy, which employed 12, people in Nantes and its surrounding area in Saint-Nazaire, primarily developed for goods to be transhipped before being sent to Nantes, also built rival shipyards.
Saint-Nazaire surpassed Nantes in port traffic for the first time in The canal, completed inwas abandoned in because of the efficient dredging of the Loire between and Waterways filled in from to are in brown, and buildings destroyed by American air raids in are in red.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the river channels flowing through Nantes were increasingly perceived as hampering the city's comfort and economic development. Sand siltation required dredging, which weakened the quays; one quay collapsed in Embankments were overcrowded with railways, roads and tramways.
The entrance exam in L1 (first year)
Between andmost of the channels were filled in and their water diverted. Large thoroughfares replaced the channels, altering the urban landscape. Feydeau and Gloriette Islands in the old town were attached to the north bank, and the other islands in the Loire were formed into the Isle of Nantes.
They are remembered as "the 50 hostages" because the Germans initially planned to kill 50 people. The main attacks occurred on 16 and 23 Septemberwhen most of Nantes' industrial facilities and portions of the city centre and its surrounding area were destroyed by American bombs. Allied raids killed 1, people and destroyed 2, buildings in Nantes, leaving a further 6, buildings unusable. A strike organised by the city's 17, metallurgists during the summer of to protest salary disparities between Paris and the rest of France deeply impacted the French political scene, and their action was echoed in other cities.
During the s and s its economy became service-oriented and it experienced economic growth under Jean-Marc Ayraultthe city's mayor from to Under Ayrault's administration, Nantes used its quality of life to attract service firms.
The city developed a rich cultural life, advertising itself as a creative place near the ocean. Institutions and facilities such as its airport were re-branded as "Nantes Atlantique" to highlight this proximity. Local authorities have commemorated the legacy of the slave trade, promoting dialogue with other cultures. Bordeauxthe other major metropolis of western France, is kilometres miles south.
Land north of Nantes is dominated by bocage and dedicated to polyculture and animal husbandryand the south is renowned for its Muscadet vineyards and market gardens. In Nantes the Loire had divided into a number of channels, creating a dozen islands and sand ridges. They facilitated crossing the river, contributing to the city's growth. Most of the islands were protected with levees during the modern eraand they disappeared in the s and s when the smallest waterways were filled in.
The Loire in Nantes now has only two branches, one on either side of the Isle of Nantes. The central Patio of the Palais will host contemporary art installations. Some are cleverly coloured to tie in with the time period of the art on display: Wedgwood blue for the 18th century, deep red for the Oriental galleries, for instance.
These large blocks change the scale and allow you to create more intimate spaces so you can exhibit smaller paintings without them getting lost. We introduced a chamfer just to deflect and introduce a dynamic. Some are punched with larger windows so you get glimpses through. This is us as exhibition designer; we manipulate space, but without ever undermining what that space is about. Stefano Graziani The centrepiece of the museum is the Patio, the central courtyard around which the galleries of the Palais are arranged.
Historically it was used to display classical sculptures and more recently art installations by contemporary artists such as Anish Kapoor.
Some of the original architectural details had been lost over the years but Stanton Williams has re-choreographed the arched openings, moving some and blocking others entirely, to create a clean, reduced, pure-white version of the original space. It can even be closed off completely. New plinths designed by Stanton Williams help divide the gallery spaces and break up the exhibition route. Stefano Graziani Natural light is an integral element in the transformation of the spaces. The old, leaky glass roof of the Patio and galleries, which shone too much light in the south galleries and too little in the north-facing spaces, has been replaced by a four-layered system of glass, stretched fabric and adjustable blinds.
It allows for subtle variations in light throughout the day in a much more nuanced approach than artificial lighting.
Elsewhere, Stanton Williams worked with Max Fordham to design bespoke light fittings, such as the scallop-shaped wall washers carved into the plaster in the Palais. In order to be able to fit in the extra spaces needed for the expanding museum — a flexible, new auditorium for events and concerts, education spaces, storerooms and restoration workshops — the Patio first had to be excavated by 6m and underpinned to squeeze in a basement that spans the entire plan of the Palais.
In the basement, the old, thick stone walls of the foundations are exposed, highlighting some of the original arches that were discovered during the process. Openings are supported and framed by sharp concrete porticoes and plinths, while benches are oak and balustrades patinated bronze, creating a play between rough and smooth. Instead of a glass bridge link between the two buildings, that might disconnect visitors from the artwork on display, the first-floor walkway is treated as another gallery room, with a window looking across to the Chapel just before they enter it to help orientate them.
For me it has something of a 19th-century painting, like a Monet. You have the great staircase in the Palais with a fresco and a bas-relief on one side.
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The flexible auditorium will be used for talks, lectures and small concerts. The whole transformation by Stanton Williams is deftly done, with a light, subtle touch. One would never know, for example, that there were three shades of white used in the gallery spaces, becoming gradually lighter and purer in tone as one goes up the building. This is a respectful restoration, with the extension playing a supporting role, so that the original Palais can shine again and embrace the city around it.Beirut - Nantes
Le Voyage A Nantes For two months each summer, the old town squares, narrow alleyways, industrial warehouses and waterways of the French city of Nantes become playgrounds for artwork and installations, all free for the public to enjoy. Past highlights have ranged from a pop-up, open-air canteen and a picnic area in the docklands, through a whimsical, moon shaped playground with trampolines for craters, to a surreal series of ping-pong tables and a distorted football pitch.
Empty spaces, abandoned buildings and formerly derelict pockets of land come alive to art trails, market gardens, community events and street art in a playful city that embraces culture as its life and breath. Together with Jean Blaise he founded the Nantes Research Centre for Cultural Development, initiating an ambitious cultural regeneration programme that would revamp the image of Nantes from drab to dynamic.