Swipe right for democracy – article magazine
n3ws.info is the premier online service for dating Democrats. Democratic singles are online now in our active online community. In an opinion piece Thursday at the New York Times, Yara Rodriguez Fowler and Charlotte Goodman explained how they used the dating app. Dating, Democracy and Romance in Occupied Japan , Journal of the connections that were made at the time between the democratic reform.
The Conservatives are using Facebook to bombard key target seats with paid-for adverts attacking Jeremy Corbyn…www. Which means anyone could theoretically create and pay for a post carrying a political message to be seen by thousands of people. As for bots chatting away on Tinder, there is simply no legislation for anything like that. For the most part, that generally weird feeling about it was common. Many who commented on the story expressed concern. This apprehension speaks to the biggest problem of all — one that needs quick attention.
One of the big lessons that we ought to learn from the ongoing investigation into alleged Russian meddling in the U. The goal, whether a preferred candidate won or not, was confusion — to undermine the validity of the system itself by sowing doubt that it is legitimate. Not the result, but the actual process of democracy. This is why transparency is more important now than ever. Without it, doubt — the conspiracy theories and the conjecture — fills the void. The cornerstone of democracy is that it is within our control.
The knowledge that there is an entire political campaign, or war, being waged out of sight, invisibly online, is deeply unsettling to that bedrock belief. In the 12 months before the U. What ads are they placing? Where are they spending their money? They didn't even get true independence from Denmark until That said, if not all citizens are allowed to vote I think the same can be said.
Blacks didn't get the right to vote until about years ago, women didn't get the right to vote until 80 years ago. That is a much stronger argument for why America is not the oldest "democracy. Socrates drank hemlock years before Jesus rather than live elsewhere, and it was a Jury of his Peers that condemned him to death. What, in fact, caused his death was his rejection of his own democratic leadership.
From Magna Carta to universal suffrage, the 1000-year history of British democracy
Whilst its constitution was recorded inthe form of government had been established since This predates all the claims, except possibly Mullana which did not have a date associated. It has been occupied by a community of Christian monks, who eventually built their first large monastery in These are two different things.
Women were allowed to vote in New Zealand in but they were not eligible until Also, Icelandic parliament didn't have a real universal suffrage until the 20th century. Finland was the first state to give women the right to be a candidate in and Finland had the first female members of parliament in the world in Therefore, Finland was the first country with true universal democracy.
Swipe right for democracy
Also all the minorities and the landless people had the same rights. At that time Finland was an autonomous part of the Russian Empire and got full independence later, in In essence, Finland was a monarchy with its own parliament but the Russian tsar as the head of the state.
That is what has happened everywhere in the world until the 20th century. Finland was the first to have universal rights. Jonas, Helsinki, Finland Switzerland is the only true Democracy.
Only the citizens or this country can make laws, or resend them. They have had this current Switzerland is the only true Democracy. They have had this current government sincewhen they wrote the Arch Bishop of Austria and declared their independence. The have had the same government rules since then, all changes have to be approved by the citizens of this country.
There was never a round fired in their succession from the Austrian Empire. The politicians only rule over parliamentary procedure, as in Roberts rule of order. Unfortunately in democracy it is the GROUP elected which has the power, nothing to do with any individuals or who voted for said individuals.
Iceland is out because it was under Danish rule until mid 's. USA would rule supreme as over years old.Is it time to rethink democracy?
Steven Stewart, Arizona, USA My immediate answer would have to be Greece, since Socrates actually coined the word, but they certainly don't have the longest running one unless we want to ignore that whole junta thing that went on back in the early 70s. Malana would have to be eliminated since it is a tribal village owing allegiance to India. Also, in Malana, anyone who is not from Malana is untouchable.
This would probably indicate that they cannot vote. So, what's the definition of a Democracy? I would put it like this: Using the US as an example, then, officials in the executive and legislative branches are elected by the citizens. Following that train of thought would seem to indicate that representative forms of government which exclude citizens from voting eg.
Therefore, I'd have to nominate New Zealand which gave universal suffrage inpre-dating Finland by about 15 years and the US by about Once again, Americans getting the facts wrong. Most of what they have in place is based on parts of what other countries had in place. This is not to say that the end product was not different and very good. Gary Brown, Llanelli, Wales, UK Athens was never a democracy, the greater part of the population, women and slaves, had no vote.
Greece has even less claim. There is a difference between absolute monarchy and constitutional monarchy. An absolute monarchy rules absolutely and undemocratically without recourse to parliament. A constitutional monarchy on the other hand is merely a ceremonial, figurehead. Executive power r rests in the hands of the prime minister and the cabinet. All monarchies in Western Europe and Japan are of this sort and completely demotic. Now, not all rebuilds are democracies.
There are many republics around the world which are not democratic and where the individual does not rule supreme. Republics as and of themselves are not necessarily democratic. Just as monarchies are not all undemocratic.
Most are democratic n the modern World. The final thing I want to say is that most democracies prior to the late 19th Century were partial or limited democracies only, such as Great Britain and the USA. Both of these countries were slave owning societies to one extent or the other.
Slavery was abolished in d the UK in and in the British colonies as a whole in America did not finally abolish slavery until and black men and Native American men the vote until Antony Mann, London Well there are many arguments which have merit here.
In the UK you are not a citizen but a subject, property of the Crown as is most landto be disposed of as the Crown sees fit. You may have the right to vote but this is relatively new in that at one time you had to pay for that right and the price was set high so that most commoners could not afford to participate. The Iroquois Confederacy was like most North American societies prior to the annexation or conquest by Europeans, matriarchies.
As for the Norse lands, they were slave owning societies so were not fully enfranchised. So we have the odd one out In the British passport it clearly states that we are British Citizens not subjects of the Crown. This has been the case for many decades and anyway was only ever nominal, unless you go right back to Early Modern times. We are citizens with rights enshrined in law that goes back to the Middle Ages, e.
To say that UK citizens are the property of the Crown is ludicrous and naive. It is not true that people have had to pay to vote, at least not in the Modern Era. However, there were property qualifications that excluded a large section of society from the franchise. These property qualifications were abolished in the Mid-Nineteenth century. Property qualifications were also abolished in the US at a similar time but Native Americans did not get the vote until as late as Crown Land is in actuality held and administered by the Government.
It is Crown Land in name only. The Monarch herself owns some private land. This is a parliament that has been renewed every time by the Lord of Man; the Lord of Man may change but the parliament stays the same. For any Americans that's like when you get a new president. As for Iceland it was not functioning for several years making it restart from after the period of outage in the s. The Island is an independent nation with its own currency and language.
Australia still has a monarch; does that make it part of the British Empire, answer to some retarded ill thought comments. What's really funny is that the question posed was 'Which country can claim to be the World's oldest democracy? We can take from that many ideas, some examples being the time it was started Greeks the total of years operating as a democracy don't know or the type, total democracy Switzerland or limited democracy Russia so I would say the question is still un-answered.
One point for the Isle of Man people, parliament does not mean democracy. For everyone else democracy is a system whereby everyone has equal access to power and to make decisions about the future of oneself and the place they live in.
My money is on Switzerland, where this has been possible for everyone for quite some time. The problem became even more compounded and utterly ironic when "Republicans" like Ronald Reagan started forcing laws like year-old drinking age on the States by withholding Federal Interstate Highway funds about 25 years ago.
Now they do it any time they don't like a State Law and can't get it labeled "Unconstitutional" by the Supreme Court. The US is no longer a Republic Until the 19th Century, the Isle of Man was a man only democracy It seems that the Isle of Man was just about as slow as anyone else as giving the whole population the vote. The island is not a sovereign country, it is a dependent territory. It is part of the United Kingdom.
For me a true democracy has to enfranchise women. My money is on New Zealand, which gave women the vote in However Koran did insist that Islamic ruling should depend on consultancy between all heads of tribes. Unfortunately this has since changed and those claim to be an Islamic countries do not apply Islamic values.
Unless you're filthy rich you can not be a candidate! Christo, Johannesburg, South Africa The United States can't even be called a democracy because if it were Al Gore would have been president for winning the popular vote.
He said "Greetings to the World's largest democracy from the World's oldest democracy. Unless, of course, you think Mr. Obama is full of excrement. Only ten years ago George Bush was voted into power on a minority vote. Al Gore achieved more votes than George Bush in the election. Indeed in the state of Florida spoiled votes were not recounted and in the end George Bush was voted into power by the courts rather than the people, and that only happened because the republican judges, who were in the majority in that court, voted in a party partial way.
That my friends in America is not democracy so stop telling the world that you are the world's oldest democracy. Les Rutledge Leslie Rutledge, Pembroke Wales In listening to President Obama speak in the Indian Parliament, it was interesting when he said India was the largest Democracy in the world, there was thunderous applause in the chamber; however, in the next breath, when he stated the US is the oldest Democracy in the world, there was deafening silence.
Sometimes, silence speaks louder than words. All I would say is this type of comment makes as much sense to me as saying President Obama is the 'leader of the free world. A proud Canadian Frank Lavandier, Summerside Canada There never has been - and probably never will be - any true 'democracy' in the strictest sense of the word. That said, the word 'democracy' is usually only ever used to represent a constitutional republic as opposed to a monarchy or some other form of governance.
So, the question is actually what is the oldest nation to have always had a constitution and democratically-elected officials. His speechwriters have gotten this one wrong. It is typical of the attitude that the "USA is the best country in the World' statement I hear over and over again That's why there's so much anger in the US electorate. They're hurting economically, the standard of living is going down, and someone has to be blamed. Wake up--You are at fault. Other countries have good ideas.
Just because it's not the way you do things doesn't mean universal health care is communist, or a better safety net is socialist. You don't have the oldest democracy. Blacks were slaves for much of your history and their vote was actively repressed until the 60's and more subtly repressed in Florida for the election of the disaster of Bush's.
Unless you admit to yourselves that you are not the ultimate in all things you will never be able to compete in this changing world, secure in the knowledge that you are the best. Frank Edgley, Windsor Canada Vaishali or Vesali Pali or Vaishali republic,the capital city of the Licchavi in eastern Indian province of bihar has the rare distinction of being the seat of first democratic government of the world as early as in the 6th century bc B.
C its adjecent city patliputra,present day patna was the world's largest city, with a population of , When they break up the two party dictatorship that rules the United States and actually let people have more options, then we can finally become a democracy.
Right now our whole election system is a sham. The best part - votes by the people in the U. A really do not matter. What matters is how the electoral college votes. If they so choose they could elect the loser to be president even though they promised to vote for a certain candidate.
In other words, in November the people may have elected one candidate, the electoral college may choose to elect another. And the electoral college's choice will be the next president. Wish they would have done that back in and overrode Bush's win, We could have avoided a costly war in Iraq. Democracy and Republic are very specific. A democracy is a government in which the power is vested in ALL the people.
Athens randomly voted people to run the city every 4 years. What I find hilarious though more then anything is after years it's amazing how pissy the Brits still are about losing the American Revolution. We did beat you in several major and important battles before the French would even touch the US.
One of the angry UKer's oh wait, I mean English responders since you certainly aren't a kingdom anymore should re-read your history books if you think Washington's only victory was Yorktown.
It was the combination of victories at Trenton, Saratoga, and Nathanael Greene's victories in the south that beat the British.
The French only started supplying the US after we walloped you at Saratoga. The British officers were too busy trying to screw their subordinates wives then fight. The French did help immensely but to act like the US wasn't giving you guys a good fight makes you sound like a bunch of angry idiotic school children. The US isn't perfect by any means but beating the biggest superpower of that time and maintaining the same government for years is not a bad stretch.
Also the help America gave you and Europe in WWII is so quickly forgotten, I just don't get it where all the bitterness comes from but that's a whole other story. Dave Piccolo, Danbury,CT USA The claim that many people are making about the United States not being a democracy at all is absurd, come live here and you'll see that it's much nicer from the inside than it is from the outside.
I live in a city of aboutpeople and I personally know two members of city council one of them is my History teacher's brotherhave met both of our senators and live blocks away from the ex-governor. None of these people are rich tycoons, none of these people are in any way evil; they all work towards serving freedom and serving the ideals that the United States have put forward as a democracy.
I think that when a 14 year old kid can have all these connections to his government and his politics, democracy is working pretty damn well! And, indeed, that they managed it without having many of the decisive battles lead by a foreign general, with half foreign troops, and their enemy cut off from resupply by a foreign naval blockade, and distracted by other wars elsewhere in the world.
Now that is a REAL achievement. But the USA did pretty well too, so good on you. I'll put a lovely ribbon in the mail for you. Oh, and thanks for saving everyone in world war two. I'm not sure why Americans always want thanking for this, but it was very nice of you to only sit and watch fascism spread over the world for three years before jumping in.
I have every confidence that without your involvement Hitler would have won, and then would have stopped, and in no way tried to attack the USA form a position of strength. He was a very good little boy about that sort of thing.
So cheers for being a pal there. Licchavi also Lichchhavi, Lichavi was an ancient kingdom in Nepal, which existed in the Kathmandu Valley from approximately to Centuries earlier, at the start of the Buddhist era a powerful republic known as Licchavi existed in what is today Bihar. There is no conclusive evidence of any ethnic or historic links between the two states.
The language of Licchavi inscriptions is Sanskrit, and the particular script used is closely related to official Gupta scripts, suggesting that India was a significant cultural influence. This was likely through Mithila - the northern part of modern Bihar, India.
The term 'Licchavi' term probably derives from Rikshavi possibly Sanskritized to Rkshvavati. Riksha or Rksha in Sanskrit means Star. One of the first and obviously the longest lasting democratic government of any breed existed in San Marino circa AD. Now the fun part. Britain endured an oligarchic parliamentary government for most of it's "democratic" history. No modern democracy existed until in the Representation of the People Act inwomen only found themselves represented in reality in and the current equal suffrage at 18 system did not appear until Britain's Parliamentary phase preceded America's existence as an entity, but it would also be classified as an indirect democracy.
While parliamentary sovereignty was a major facet of the political sphere one also cannot deny early royal influence. Iceland, respectably well-aged in it's practices endured a Tribal Council; holding some benefits but hardly enjoying anything resembling a real democracy. As an elite council however it had an early life, but was stifled for years by Monarchical rule. There was no clear line from to today of anything consistent. America, founded in held a base and rudimentary form of democracy.
Only in the Jackson era and early 20th century reform era was the franchise actually expanded, but the nation still existed as a democratic entity with all organs of government stemming from a free electorate, well maintained by an active press and civil society. The Queen has little influence on theirs or English affair, but since the Manx do not participate in English governance they lack total dominion over their own affairs.
The People of the Longhouse; there's an interesting situation. Councils of Female Elders did at a point select male leaders in one portion of their history. However applying logic used against western democracies that refused suffrage to women, men had little say in governance at this point.
After a brief spell in this period the reverse arose with militaristic warriors and warlords seizing the reins of governance with no representation or accountability whatsoever. The massive portion of the population that was assimilated and forced to live among them also lacked representation. Switzerland holds a respected but unbreakable coalition government and representation for women occurred startlingly late in its history.
Arguments that it is the world's oldest, or longest reigning democracy are founded upon the most biased, ignorant and nationalistic stance. India hardly even existed throughout history and when it did it endured authoritarian empires. In we saw the birth of the Corsican republic, pre-dating the United States. Democratic institutions were later crushed by French forces, but there are arguments to be made.
Nowadays it participates in French governance and therefore is represented in all facets of it's affairs, if not as an independent entity. A democracy perhaps, but a very, very poor one. The entire electoral and administrative system is controlled either indirectly or, increasingly, directly by large corporations. But keep on posting, it's quite entertaining. Peter, Hamburg, Germany Catalonia, now an autonomous region of Spain, has one of the oldest democratic parliaments in the world and the oldest that has lasted until today.
Parliament was born and its first president was named the Despite its suppression during times of absolute monarchy and dictatorship, the Parliament continues today, having passed and presidents. The Commonwealth of Australia was formed on January 1, when the six Australian colonies formed a single federation. Canada celebrates its independence in when four of the provinces came together to form a union. Isle of Man is a self-governing British Crown Dependency. It is not a country.
New Zealand became self-governing inafter having been a colony of the British Empire.
Democracy - Wikipedia
While it had the same constitution in continuous existence fromSan Marino was under the control of the Fascist Party from to The current democratic system of government in the UK began with the Reform Bill of On July 4,the American colonies issued the Declaration of Independence, which proclaimed their right to self-determination and their establishment of a cooperative union.
They defeated the British Empire in the American Revolution, the first successful colonial war of independence, and the current United States Constitution was adopted on September 17, ; its ratification the following year made the states part of a single republic.
It is also the oldest democracy in continuous existence. While some have questioned whether or not it is a true democracy, and whether it could be considered a democracy when it allowed slavery and women did not have the vote, no democracy is a true democracy. Most of the countries we call democracies are actually republican democracies, in which the electorate elect representatives to represent them in carrying out the responsibilities of government.
They retain control, however, through a combination of periodic elections, term limits, and the right to recall. And no nation has universal suffrage. Most nations allowed slavery into the s, many still tolerate it today, and many even allow certain forms of it legally.
Most nations did not allow women to vote until the Twentieth Century. Almost none allow children, felons, the mentally incompetent, and non-citizens to vote. Well I do not perceive UK as a democratic country because queen still has got the legal right to sign the prime minister and lead the army!!
ShahabIran Iran San Marino is the oldest republic in the world and their constitution was written in 3rd century. It has also never been conquered so I think it is the oldest democracy. Jakob, Ljubljana Slovenia The first problem in this debate is that no uniform definition of a Democracy exists.
However, numerous historical examples exist which reflect aspects of modern democratic governments, including ancient Athens, Iceland, the Iroquois, and so forth. In many cases these models emerge as these societies evolved from tribal governments, and those that survived often did so because they were sufficiently isolated from the political currents that led to increasingly large and powerful nation-states headed by absolute monarchs backed by aristocracies and clergy.
No rule is absolute, but this does tend to hold up in most cases. Britain began evolving toward what we might call democracy during the early modern era, and many of those developments were paralleled in their young colonies in the Americas. Although America did manage to break from Britain both nations continued to develop stronger democratic traditions in spite of their differing labels Constitution or Monarchy aside.
Both nations gradually enfranchised more and more voters right through to the twentieth century. It can be said that modern Democracy developed in the English speaking world, but not in just one nation. America and Britain certainly share kudos for the fact though. It is an Aristocratic Oligarchy. I am shocked to see how many take jabs at the US for no apparent reason.
The more I see these nasty, misguided, and wholly ignorant anti-US comments, the more I think "you people" are just projecting a vague dislike onto us. We in America get to chose our leaders based on a small selection of rich politicians who have basically bought their right to run for president.
The whole system is corrupt and has been since God told us that we would be under oppression with a King or universal governing body. There is only one King and he is the King of all Nations. We would be best served to take the advise of the Bible, take care of yourself, your neighbors, love your God, and mind your own business.
Everything else causes strife in the world. David Hicks, Snyder, Tx United States Some might say Australia is still on a path to independence as we are still technically ruled by the British monarchy, even though that monarchy does not have any right to interfere with Australian laws. Gary Collett, Brisbane Australia Bob You have done NO research at all it seems!!! Buck, America Canada is the oldest continuous democratic federation in the world.
Rufus Jones, Winnipeg Canada Whether its Iceland or Finland the most important mark of the longest democracy is 'That every citizen can vote and apply as a candidate for any position, prime minister or president. The participants of the session were nobles, clergy and even the representations of the municipalities.
In addition there was an organism called "Contadinanza" literally Farmance that represented the farmers of Friuli Fabio, Udine Friulian To answer the question, you first have to define what you mean by "democracy". I'd suggest it means that those who exercise real legislative or executive power are elected by, and accountable to, the general citizenry. Having a figurehead head of state whether hereditary or appointed does not matter if they exercise no real power.
If you accept that democracy means political offices with real power are elected and accountable, then the following candidates advocated by other contributors are definitely out of the running for the oldest democracy: One legislative chamber is, to this day, not elected. The House of Lords consists mainly of people appointed for life, with some hereditary peers. Although the Lords is not as powerful as the Commons, it does still exercise legislative power. So scratch the UK.
One legislative chamber is appointed, not elected. The Canadian Senate exercises actual legislative power but is not elected by, or directly accountable to, the citizenry.
Until the 17th amendment took effect inthe US Constitution provided that US senators were appointed by State legislatures, not directly elected by voters. As Senators serve six year terms, it wasn't until January that citizen-elected Senators completely replaced State-appointed Senators. And as late asat least one State South Carolina did not give its citizens any direct say in the election of the US President; the State's legislature appointed members of the State's electoral college to cast the State's votes for the presidency.
In contrast, many comparable large democracies have directly elected all political office-holders since the establishment of their current constitutions. Of these, I think only Australia and New Zealand and possibly France have had completely democratic i. Some Australian States had direct election by citizens of all political office-holders even earlier; for example Victoria from But none of these come close to the Isle of Man or Iceland, which seem to get the prize.
The electorial college, for which I see no reason, has the power to elect the president over the majority vote of the people. Which they have done. The EPA supposedly oversees that the environment is not overly harmed but they are also a government entity.
Big money wins over environmentalism. The US does not provide health care or secondary education to its citizens. While claiming equality, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. Presidential candidates are always very wealthy.
The US also likes to ignore the fact that it was founded on the genocide and annihilation of one race The Native Americans and the enslavement of another Africans.
But it is really intriguing when you think that after all this time we still do not have a clear determination of what constitutes a democracy. C before the writings of the classical Greek scholar Herodotus. The Akamba tribe of East Africa were organised into many clans for the purpose of governing. Their governmental system was very strong because elders were elected to the office of leadership by the virtue of their character,integrity and honesty.
Their government is best described as government by agreement. They had no written language and had no books to keep their records, except by the word of mouth.
Akamba established rules and regulations to run their daily tribal affairs. In time of war against other tribes they elected a war chiefa man of physical discipline, outstanding oratorical ability and one who was willing to be accepted as a war chief.
The elders were also the judges of the tribe, and their government was ruled by a consensus. No elder or any other speaker was allowed to speak or address the council with a forceful tone of anger that would only weaken his point.
All I can say is that the British treated the people in their colonies and in their own country with equality. The British were certainly far more cultured, advanced in treating people from other cultures and race than the Americans.
Blacks in USA led a nightmarish life well upto the middle of the 20th Century. As for the Red Indians whose land was looted with impunity, the less said the better for American 'democracy'.
Isa Mani, Chennai, India While the Isle of Man certainly has the oldest continuous parliament in the world, nobody can really claim that it was democratic for most of its history. Until the 19th century its members were appointed. The longevity of Tynwald is a red herring in this debate. The island's real claim to being the oldest democracy comes from giving women the vote earlier than any other country.
How is that for democracy and human rights, Guardian fans?