Corazon Aquino - Wikipedia
Last SONA of President Corazon Aquino . another , private school students received scholarship grants under another recent law;. Main · Videos; Dating pangulong corazon aquino scholarship. Are we organizationally foundered through the knee-jerk outrage? Whereas everyone offs thy. When President Corazon C. Aquino took over the reins of .. Agreement by Exchange of Letters providing Grant Assistance from CIDA amounting .. where applicants can take the examination at a date of his choice was.
And restored the freely elected office whose incumbent must stand every year in this place. My term is ending.
President of the Philippines
And so is yours. As we came, so should we go. With grateful acknowledgement to the man who made it possible for us to be here. A man who discovered hope in the starkest despair, and has something yet to teach a country facing adversity again. It would be foolish to ignore what is staring us in the face. Our march of progress brought us far, but such misfortunes have come upon us as to make us feel that we are not much farther from where we started.
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo is the biggest in this century. Abroad, its effect is so far-reaching as to lower the temperature of the Earth. At home, it is so devastating it knocked off 80, productive hectares from our agriculture, and destroyed the commerce of at least three provinces.
Hundreds of thousands were driven from their homes and livelihoods, and thrown on the kindness of relatives and countrymen, and on the solicitude of the state. It was an event so powerful it wiped out the largest military base in the Pacific, and changed the nature of our relationship with an old ally. In the wake of the volcanic eruption, more has been revealed about that relationship than was covered by its ash.
And before that was the killer quake that cut off the northern parts of the country, destroying billions of pesos in infrastructure, causing the loss of billions more in foregone economic activities. It leveled the City of Pines and buried children in the rubble of yet another city. But those natural calamities were preceded by another entirely the work of human hands: I mention these calamities not to excuse the perceived shortcomings of my administration nor to brag about my indestructibility.
I mention them so that we know where we are, and why we are here, and the exact requirements of the task to build up this country yet again. The country was at a standstill, as if waiting only for the last rites to be performed. Bywe had turned the economy around—in less than a year. We improved on that performance the year after. The rate of unemployment was reduced, the volume of new investments significantly increased.
New industrial projects were introduced, hitherto idle industrial capacity was fully utilized.
State of the Nation Address Corazon Aquino | n3ws.info
The foundation of new regional industrial zones was laid. I mention this, not to offset the shortcomings of the present with the achievements of the past. But the economy quickly rallied, and in two years recovered a great deal of the ground we had lost. We were on the verge of a second takeoff when the December coup broke out. Still we persevered, achieving gains that, admittedly, continue to fall short of the galloping needs of a fast-growing population, but real gains nonetheless.
Improved health care, increased housing, and—one of the proudest achievements we share with the legislature—free secondary education: We have made the first serious effort to arrest environmental degradation—already so far advanced in the previous regime that it set up an agency that did nothing about it, anyway. We have pushed agrarian reform beyond the point of no return, almost completing its coverage of rice and corn. Its extension to other agricultural activities is proceeding at a pace consistent with our resolve to achieve for the farmer the prosperity promised by agrarian reform, and not just its bare legal implementation.
Indeed, we started to make up our losses, and kept on going through the Gulf crisis which doubled the price of energy and introduced the element of a tremendous uncertainty, not only about our economy, but that of the world as well. Paul says that suffering produces perseverance; perseverance character; and character hope. The good we do is never lost. Some of it remains, if not in material goods, then in a deeper experience, a more practiced hand, and a spirit made stronger by that which failed to break it—stronger to meet greater challenges ahead.
But in one thing we grew from strength to strength—in the enlargement of our democratic space and the strengthening of our democracy.
Every calamity tested the capacity of democracy to absorb distress, find relief, and meet the absolute necessities of the people without the least curtailment of freedom or compromise of rights. Against our economic gains that are ever hostages to fortune, stands one steadfast, unalloyed achievement: Destined, I believe, to outlive our problems and deck with the graces of liberty the material progress of our future.
That achievement is better seen from the disinterested distance of foreign admirers, than from the myopic view of those at home who wish to destroy it.
Visitors from the new Germany asked me what things strengthen democracy. Economic progress, naturally, I said. But the attainment of that depends on external factors more than on the will of a developing country. That is through the empowerment of the people. This is obvious to a government like ours that came to power by its means, as well as to a people like the Germans who attained complete freedom in the same way. But empowering the people means more than just giving them elections every three years.
President of the Philippines - Wikipedia
It means enlarging their contact with government beyond elections to its daily workings—so that the vast resources of one support the initiatives of the other, and the policies of government are refined by the insights of the people.
Laurel, an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippineshad been instructed to remain in the City of Manila by President Quezon, who withdrew to Corregidor and then to the United States to establish a government in exile in the United States.
After the combined American and Filipino forces liberated the islands inLaurel officially dissolved the republic on August 17, It remained in effect after the United States recognized the sovereignty of the Republic of the Philippines as a separate self-governing nation on July 4, Marcos introduced a parliamentary-style government.
Marcos instituted himself as Prime Minister while serving as President in This Constitution was in effect until the People Power Revolution of toppled Marcos's year authoritarian regime and replaced him with Corazon C. Fifth Republic[ edit ] Ruling by decree during the early part of her tenure and as a president installed by revolutionary means, President Corazon Aquino issued Proclamation No. Often called the "Freedom Constitution," the proclamation retained only parts of the Constitution that were essential for a return to democratic rule, such as the bill of rights.
This constitution was superseded on February 2, by the present constitution. Other issues[ edit ] Both Bonifacio and Aguinaldo might be considered to have been an inaugural president of an insurgent government. The government considers Aguinaldo to have been the first President of the Philippines, followed by Quezon and his successors.
For instance, the current president, Rodrigo R. Duterte, is considered to be the 16th president. While the government may consider Aguinaldo as the first president, the First Republic fell under the United States' jurisdiction due to the Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish—American War ; the United States thus does not consider his tenure to have been legitimate.
Quezon is considered to be the first president by the United States. However, Marcos, being barred by the Constitution to seek a third term, declared martial law on September 21,and later abolished the existing Constitutionthereby allowing him to remain in office. As a consequence, her husband was among those to be first arrested at the onset of martial law, later being sentenced to death. During his incarceration, Ninoy sought strength from prayer, attending daily Mass and saying the rosary three times a day.
As a measure of sacrifice and solidarity with her husband and all other political prisoners, she enjoined her children from attending parties and she also stopped going to the beauty salon or buying new clothes until a priest advised her and her children to instead live as normal lives as possible. A reluctant speaker, Corazon Aquino campaigned on behalf of her husband, and for the first time in her life delivered a political speech.
Inupon the intervention of U. President Jimmy Carter Marcos allowed Senator Aquino and his family to leave for exile in the United States, where he sought medical treatment. Corazon Aquino returned to the Philippines a few days later and led her husband's funeral procession, in which more than two million people participated.
Philippine presidential election, Following her husband's assassination inAquino became active and visible in various demonstrations and protests held against the Marcos regime. She began to assume the mantle of leadership left by her husband Ninoy and started to become the symbolic figurehead of the anti-Marcos political opposition. In the last week of NovemberMarcos surprised the nation by announcing on American television that he would hold a snap presidential election in Februaryin order to dispel and remove doubts against his regime's legitimacy and authority.
Salvador Laurel only gave way to Cory after a political deal which was later reneged by Cory after the election. According to Salvador Laurel's diary, Cory offered Laurel that he would be her Prime Minister, that she would step down in two years, that Laurel would name 30 percent of the Cabinet, that she would appoint the remaining 70 percent after close consultations with Laurel.
With that, the Aquino-Laurel tandem was formally launched to challenge Marcos and finally put an end to his two-decade rule. In the subsequent political developments and events, given Ninoy's links with the Communist,  Marcos charged that Aquino was being supported by communists and agreed to share power with them once elected into power. A political novice, Aquino categorically denied Marcos' charge and even stated that she would not appoint a single communist to her cabinet.
Marcos also attacked Aquino's inexperience and warned the country that it would be a disaster if a woman like her with no previous political experience was to be elected president, to which Aquino cleverly and sarcastically responded, admitting that she had "no experience in cheating, lying to the public, stealing government money, and killing political opponents".