Sichuan - Wikipedia
The vast inland province of Sichuan in southwest China is shaped like a deep In the shrine itself stand clay figurines of Du Fu, which date from the Ming and The country to the west is wild and steeped with the history of the Red Army's. Sichuan has dozens of local festivals such as Zigong Dinosaur Lantern Festival, Chengdu Flower Festival enjoys a long history of over 1, years, dating back to .. month on Mt. Paoma in Kangding County of Sichuan Province every year. This includes all counties of the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), 95% of the land area of . Sichuan province has 2 autonomous prefectures (Kardze/Ganzi and .. Getting accurate, up-to-date travel information on Tibet can be difficult. That is.
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THE 15 BEST Things to Do in Sichuan - (with Photos) - TripAdvisor
Where is the best place to start for exploring the Kham and Amdo regions? Kangding is located in Kham and is the gateway to the Kham Tibetan world. From both Chengdu and Kangding, buses can be taken to nearly every open Kham Tibetan county. From Xining, there are daily buses to every Amdo county in Qinghai and to several Amdo counties in Gansu province. From Chengdu, there are daily buses to every Amdo town in northern Sichuan.
When traveling to the TAR, do I need to be on a group tour? Usually, there is no need to be in a group when traveling to the TAR. Under normal circumstances, people can travel to the TAR as a solo traveler, though you still need to be part of an organized tour. This sometimes happens after the TAR has been closed for political reasons and normally only lasts for a few months. During these periods of time when foreigners are required to travel with a small group, the people in the group are usually required to all be from the same country.
Do I need a sleeping bag in Tibet? Unless you plan on trekking and camping, there is no need to bring a sleeping bag or tent to Tibet. Every guesthouse and hotel will offer clean sheets and plenty of thick blankets.
Everest viewed from Rongphu Monastery What kind of vehicles are used in the TAR? However, the past 8 years many of the roads in the TAR have improved dramatically so that full-sized vans are also commonly used.
Most of the roads in the Yarlung Valley as well as the Friendship Highway are now entirely paved. Even the road to Mt. Now, more and more travel agencies are using more fuel-efficient vans and smaller 4 Wheel Drive vehicles. Is it possible to cycle in the TAR? There are no exceptions to this. The guide will ride with the driver in the vehicle.
The vehicle normally will stay a few kilometers in front of you as you cycle along your route. Since foreigners must have a guide and support vehicle, cycling in the TAR is quite expensive.
More and more people are choosing to cycle in the open Tibetan areas of Kham and Amdo the route from Kangding to Shangri La is becoming quite popular in order to avoid having to pay the high costs of cycling in the TAR. Which guidebook is best for using in Tibet? On my desk I have every current guidebook on Tibet. In my opinion, Lonely Planet publishes the best guidebooks in the world, not just for Tibet, but in general. I am sure some people disagree with me, but this is just my opinion.
Lonely Planet does publish a Tibet guidebook, but it really only covers the TAR and a little bit of the Kham region found in western Sichuan.
There is no need to purchase the entire LP China guidebook. You can now go to their website and buy the individual chapters that you need for your journey. This book can be a bit overwhelming if you are completely new to Tibet but is actually an excellent resource.
It covers every single county of Tibet in all regions. It is well written, easy to understand and covers all of the major treks in Tibet, including many in Amdo and Kham. When is the best time to go to Tibet? Tibet can be visited anytime of year, though in my opinion some times are better than others.
The area between Lhasa and Everest Base Camp has become very popular among Chinese tourists during the summer time June through early October. Lhasa can be quite crowded with tourists during this time. Getting train tickets to Lhasa are difficult, hotels are often full and tour prices are never discounted. For this reason, I stay away from Lhasa and the surrounding area during the summer time.
This is a great time to be in Lhasa. Kham and Amdo can also be visited all year round, though my favorite time of year for these regions is also the spring and fall.
Even during the summer time relatively few travelers are found in Kham and Amdo, though this region is generally cloudy during that season meaning that the views of the mountains are not that good. Winter in Amdo and certain regions of Kham can be extremely cold during the winter with temperatures often reaching C to C. For this reason, some regions of Amdo and Kham should be avoided during the coldest parts of winter.
Read through the following link for information on the best time to visit Tibet: Best time to visit Tibet Which areas of Tibet do you recommend going to? This is one of the most difficult questions I receive and I receive it often! Over the past 13 years, I have been able to travel extensively across Tibet and I love all areas. Read through the following link of mine for recommendations on which areas of Tibet to go to my post on which area to Go in Tibet: What are the temperatures like in Tibet?
It is larger than most countries. Because of its size, Tibet has varying climates and temperatures. Some areas of Tibet indeed are extremely cold, while others can actually be quite mild during the summer. Winter time is generally quite cold across Tibet with some regions, parts of Amdo in particular, being deathly cold.
In general, most travelers to Tibet go between April and October. During this time, most of Tibet is relatively mild. Most people are surprised with how warm and even hot Lhasa and the Yarlung Valley can get during the summer time.
In early September I took the train to Lhasa and in my compartment, there were 3 Chinese tourists going to Lhasa for the first time. They were all convinced that Lhasa was going to be C with heavy snow!!
They were all wearing clothes as if they were going to summit Everest! Tibet is a cold place, especially in the winter, but it is still probably warmer than you think. The region in and around Lhasa is one of the mildest regions in all of Tibet. Here are the average temperatures throughout the year for selected towns across the Tibetan Plateau.
These numbers are based on the weather averages of the past 15 years. When is the rainy season? The rainy season in Tibet is not nearly as wet as south and southeast Asia, but it does rain and there are quite a bit of clouds. You can trek during this time, but be sure to bring clothes suitable for wet weather. Do I need a double entry Chinese visa? No, all you need is a single entry visa.
The TAR is firmly a part of China. I am a foreigner but my spouse is Chinese and holds a Chinese ID card? Do I still need travel permits and to be on an organized tour to go to the TAR? Yes, you still have to follow all of the same regulations as other travelers. Though your wife does not require to be on an organized tour, you still have to be.
I am a foreigner but my spouse is a Tibetan who lives in the TAR. Do I still need to be on an organized tour to go the TAR? The answer varies from time to time, but normally you do not need to be on an organized tour. This normally takes several weeks or even months to arrange, but should be possible. Before Marchyou could often times get a visa extension in Lhasa, but since then it is extremely rare. The Tibet Tourism Bureau will usually not grant travel permits to people whose visas will expire during their Tibet tour.
Do not count on being able to get a visa extension in Lhasa or anywhere else in the TAR. Is there anyplace on the Tibetan Plateau where I can get a visa extension?
You can sometimes get a visa extension in Dawu Machen in Golog prefecture as well. I have a business F visa. Can I get travel permits for the TAR? Yes, you can, but you will have to have a letter from your inviting company that states your full name, nationality, passport number and position at the company. This letter then needs to be scanned and emailed to the travel agency you are using and they will turn it in to the Tibet Tourism Bureau.
I have a resident visa either student visa or work permit for China. I have a Diplomatic Passport. Usually you cannot get permits for the TAR. I have a journalist visa. Is Tibet a safe place to travel? Having lived in various regions of Tibet for the past 12 years, I can say that Tibet is very safe, even for solo and female travelers. What do you think I should do? I do not recommend listing Tibet on your visa application. There is a good chance that your Chinese visa application will be denied.
I recommend just listing a couple of major cities that you will be going to such as Beijing or Chengdu. Once your Chinese visa is issued, you are free to travel to places not listed on your visa application, including Tibet.
Is there an official website regarding travel to the TAR that has updated information on closures, travel permits, weather and other important information? No, the Chinese government does not provide an official website with travel information on the TAR or other regions of the Tibetan Plateau. Getting accurate, up-to-date travel information on Tibet can be difficult. That is one of the main reasons that I have this website.
Does my guide have to be with me all day, every day? Your guide does have to be with you each day while you are in the TAR, but the guide does not necessarily have to be with you all day long. In Lhasa, some of the more famous temples and monasteries will require your guide to be with you in order to enter. However, much of the city you can explore on your own without your guide.
I usually tell people to have their guide meet them sometime after breakfast between 9: Have your guide take you to a couple of main attractions in Lhasa and then around lunch time, or slightly after, tell your guide you are going to take a short rest at your hotel. This way you can explore the city on your own without your guide. Sometimes, when there is a serious threat of instability in Lhasa, the government will require the guide to be with you at all times, but this is not common.
I have heard reports of guidebooks on Tibet being taken by officials. In some cases this is true. If you are going from mainland China to the Tibet Autonomous Region, it is highly unlikely that your guidebook on Tibet will be confiscated.
If you take the train or bus to Lhasa from Xining, you will never know when you cross into the TAR unless someone tells you or you have a very detailed map entering the TAR from western Sichuan, southern Qinghai or northwest Yunnan is a different story as there are checkpoints at these places, but still no Immigration to cross. There is no Immigration Station of any kind that would check your bags.
The problem that some travelers have had, including myself, is with the Nepal-Tibet border crossing.
The Nepal side is fine. It is when you enter or exit Chinese customs where problems could arise. I might see a reason for them to take the guidebook if I were entering China, but I saw no reason why they should confiscate it as I am preparing to enter into Nepal. I argued my case, but they still took it. The customs official then showed me a large stack of guidebooks mostly LP guides, but not entirely taken over the years.
One thing you could do is to bury your Tibet guidebook deep in your bag and wrap dirty clothes around it particularly underwear…who wants to pick up dirty underwear!
It is extremely unlikely that customs will ask to go through your computer. Is English spoken widely across Tibet? No, besides the popular hotels and restaurants in Lhasa, English is rarely understood in Tibet. Most of Tibet is very remote and undeveloped and few people are able to speak English. Chinese is widely spoken by Tibetans who live in Lhasa, Shigatse, Dartsendo, Shangri La and a few other larger towns in Tibet, but in rural regions of Tibet many Tibetans, especially those over 35 years old, still cannot or will not speak Chinese.
In these remote regions, Tibetan remains the only language that is understood. Tibetans are extremely hospitable, friendly and helpful and will do their best to communicate with you despite the language barrier. Chinese will be spoken at all county level bus stations. The actual cost of the permits are very minimal. Besides entrance fees which are VERY high!! But, with all of the smaller Tibetan owned travel agencies in Lhasa and Xining, there is absolutely no need to use agencies such as CITS.
Support the Tibetan people by using as many Tibetan owned businesses as possible. The area also formed a stage on the trade routes connecting the Yellow River watershed with India and the west, the primary means of Eurasian trade before the establishment of the overland and maritime Silk Roads under the Han.
It was, however, referred to in the Book of Documents as an ally of the Zhou. Excavations by archaeologists in the area yielded few significant finds until when two major sacrificial pits were found with spectacular bronze items as well as artefacts in jade, gold, earthenware, and stone. Qin dynasty[ edit ] The rulers of the expansionist state of Qinbased in present-day Gansu and Shaanxiwere the first strategists to realize that the area's military importance matched its commercial and agricultural significance.
The Sichuan basin is surrounded by the Hengduan Mountains to the west, the Qin Mountains to the north, and Yungui Plateau to the south.
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Since the Yangtze flows through the basin and then through the perilous Three Gorges to eastern and southern China, Sichuan was a staging area for amphibious military forces and a haven for political refugees. Any written records and civil achievements of earlier kingdoms were destroyed. Qin administrators introduced improved agricultural technology. Li Bingengineered the Dujiangyan irrigation system to control the Min Rivera major tributary of the Yangtze. This innovative hydraulic system was composed of movable weirs which could be adjusted for high or low water flow according to the season, to either provide irrigation or prevent floods.
The increased agricultural output and taxes made the area a source of provisions and men for Qin's unification of China. Following the declining central government of the Han dynasty in the second century, the Sichuan basin, surrounded by mountains and easily defensible, became a popular place for upstart generals to found kingdoms that challenged the authority of Yangtze Valley emperors over China.
Shu-Han claimed to be the successor to the Han dynasty. Salt production becomes a major business in Ziliujing District. During this Six Dynasties period of Chinese disunity, Sichuan began to be populated by non- Han ethnic minority peoples, owing to the migration of Gelao people from the Yunnan—Guizhou Plateau to the Sichuan basin, where the Han are indigenous. The Leshan Giant Buddhabuilt during the latter half of the Tang dynasty — Sichuan came under the firm control of a Chinese central government during the Sui dynastybut it was during the subsequent Tang dynasty where Sichuan regained its previous political and cultural prominence for which it was known during the Han.
Chengdu became nationally known as a supplier of armies and the home of Du Fuwho is sometimes called China's greatest poet. The region was torn by constant warfare and economic distress as it was besieged by the Tibetan Empire.
Things to Do in Sichuan, China - Sichuan Attractions
In the kingdom was absorbed into Later Tang but would regain independence under Meng Zhixiang who founded Later Shu in Later Shu would continue until when it was absorbed by the Song. Song dynasty[ edit ] During Song dynasty —Sichuanese were able to protect themselves from Tibetan attacks with the help of central government.
In the 12th and 13th centuries, the Southern Song dynasty established coordinated defenses against the Mongolian Yuan dynastyin Sichuan and Xiangyang. The Southern Song state monopolized the Sichuan tea industry to pay for warhorses, but this state intervention eventually brought devastation to the local economy. The Mongols was said to have sacked Chengdu in with over a million of its inhabitants claimed to have been killed.