Karnataka: Language of protest - Indiascope News - Issue Date: Sep 30,
Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. It was created on 1 November , with the Kannada is the official language of Karnataka and is spoken as a native . There are also considerable number of Marathi-speakers in Bangalore city. .. Seekers of Refuge in a Land of No Return: Conversations with Tibetan. Population of Bangalore city is as per official census report for population is 8,, of which 4,, are males and 4,, are females . Around % stated 'Other Religion', approximately % stated 'No. In no event will PwC be liable for any decision made or action taken in reliance on the The population of Bangalore now renamed as “Bengalooru” has Kannadigas form the .. between the males and females with 66% of the men strongly.
Hyder and Tipu contributed towards the beautification of the city by building Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens in Under them, Bangalore developed into a commercial and military centre of strategic importance.
Bangalore (Bengaluru) City Population Census | Karnataka
It was abolished in only to be revived in at Bangalore and to be closed down permanently inwith Indian independence. A town grew up around the cantonment, by absorbing several villages in the area.
The new centre had its own municipal and administrative apparatus, though technically it was a British enclave within the territory of the Wodeyar Kings of the Princely State of Mysore. The Bangalore torpedo was invented in Bangalore in While it remained in the princely territory of Mysore, Cantonment had a large military presence and a cosmopolitan civilian population that came from outside the princely state of Mysore, including British and Anglo-Indians army officers.
The crisis caused by the outbreak catalysed the city's sanitation process. Telephone lines were laid to help co-ordinate anti-plague operations. Regulations for building new houses with proper sanitation facilities came into effect. A health officer was appointed and the city divided into four wards for better co-ordination.
Several projects such as the construction of parks, public buildings and hospitals were instituted to improve the city. Mahatma Gandhi visited the city in and and addressed public meetings here. The Government of Karnataka later constituted the Bangalore Development Authority in to co-ordinate the activities of these two bodies. Bangalore experienced rapid growth in the decades —51 and —81, which saw the arrival of many immigrants from northern Karnataka.
In Kerala, 93 per cent of the residents are Malayalis; in Tamil Nadu, the figure is 91 per cent; in Andhra Pradesh, Telugus form 85 per cent of the population. But in Karnataka, Kannadigas made up only 66 per cent of the population in - figures for are unavailable. It marked a decline from 71 per cent in when the state of Mysore it became Karnataka in was formed. And in Bangalore, Kannadigas account for only 27 per cent of the population. Brushing aside questions of uneasiness among minorities, Puttappa retorts: Although the use of Kannada in the state administration has increased dramatically during Hegde's tenure as chief minister, language activists are not satisfied.
Inthe formation of Mysore state was resented by the rest of Karnataka because the Mysore maharajas had a tradition of Tamil dewans who rose to positions of enormous influence. This explains the prevalence of the Tamil language in Mysore and Bangalore.
'Kannadigas to be a minority in Bangalore'
The Malayalis, who arrived in the '50s and '60s, also carved a niche for themselves. The tension began in the '70s when families of the newly-rich Kannadiga peasantry - from areas that had come under irrigation - began moving towards Bangalore. They found their way to jobs, schools, colleges and housing blocked by people from other states.
The swelling resentment exploded violently in the form of the agitation. The movement cemented the Kannadiga identity, cutting across the usual class, caste and socio-economic barriers.
The agitation spawned at least a dozen Kannada organisations in addition to injecting a new life into the few existing ones.Kannada & Kannadigas are losing their value in Karnataka
So potent is the issue that it has caused deep rifts even in monoliths like the Roman Catholic Church. If the minorities have reason to feel that they will gradually be squeezed out. Kannada militants should be satisfied with developments of the last few years.
Kannada programmes have been introduced in Bangalore Doordarshan; a Kannada University is being set up at Hampi later this year: Language agitators in Though some activists are at pains to ensure that the anger is not directed against any particular language, the hostility shows up every now and then.
Professor Murthy, a Bangalore University professor and the main organiser of the Writers and Artistes Guild, says angrily: They are clannish and keep bringing more and more of their relatives to Bangalore.
Not enough Kannada is being used in Karnataka, say militants
The Gokak agitation earlier hadn't helped either. Last year, a group of them even sent a memorandum to the President protesting against the state's Kannada policy. Harikumar, the Kannadiga editor of the daily Deccan Herald: Some more oral concessions by Hegde last month can only add to the sense of helplessness in minority ranks.
He has agreed that a committee will be set up to implement the Sarojini Mahishi report which recommends that 85 per cent of the jobs in Central undertakings should be reserved for Kannadigas; that no more English medium primary schools will be sanctioned; and that Kannada will be a compulsory subject in all examinations conducted by the state public services commission. Students who pass out,of Kannada schools and colleges will also gain 15 per cent grace marks for professional courses; students will similarly get weightage while appearing for the state public services examinations.
Hegde also assured that a committee would be constituted to select Kannada books to be purchased by the Government - Rs 50 lakh has been set aside annually for this purpose. And yet, the agitators do not think that Hegde is going far enough. We Kannadigas are seething with discontent.